In physical stature most groups were about the same height as Maori, but there was one widely dispersed group described as being considerably smaller (white pygmies) with fine, childlike features, white-golden hair and large watery blue-green eyes. Around Port Waikato and distributed up the West Coast beyond the Hokianga Harbour to Mitimiti was yet another group who were very tall, achieving an average adult height of around 7-feet. Since early colonial times the skeletal remains of these people have been continuously observed as trussed, sitting position burials in coastal sand dunes or laid-out horizontally in caves.
Maori used umbrella terms like Patu-paiarehe, Turehu and Pakepakeha as names for these earlier inhabitants, but each Maori tribe developed their own regional names, such as Ngati Kura, Ngati Korakorako and Ngati Turehu for the Patu-paiarehe tribes in the Rotorua lakes district of the central North Island. The last, intact surviving tribe was the Ngati Hotu who lived in Hawkes Bay district and later around Lake Taupo, until their defeat in the Battle of the Five Forts.
The Maori term, Pakeha, later used to describe white colonial Europeans, was derived from the ancient name Pakepakeha used to describe the former white population. Pocket groups of these first inhabitants survived into the 20th century and are well-remembered by old-timers as the red headed, freckle-faced Maoris or waka blond[/i]
New Zealanders will immediately recognize facial features shown in this stylized belt buckle from Sutton Hoo, in England as very similar to what is seen in Maori carving. A Scandinavian ship burial was also excavated in the same location English. In the above artifact of a "top hat" is described above in "Tiki type" face. The top hat or representations forehead extended "Tiki" figurines is very prevalent in Oceania or Egypt, but slightly less common in New Zealand.
Maori oral traditions tell us that the Patu-paiarehe or people Turehu taught many Maori arts and crafts. These included fishnet making, weaving, haka (dance), art tattoo (moko), stick games, puzzle games of strings, flute playing putorino, sculpture, etc. At one point, after the Maori warriors hostile attacked these people, then enslaved and cannibalized them to virtual extinction. During this period many unfortunate Patu-paiarehe fled into the inhospitable country and resistant to high survival and later became known as "The Children of the Mist." Around the Auckland Isthmus that subsisted in Coromandel, Hunua and Waitakere high country forests. They hid in large cave systems around Port Waikato and lived for many generations in the mountain regions of northern Pirongia.Nas living in Waipoua Forest wide, the Range Waima or country around Pangaru and robust range Maungataniwha. Further south were in the Urewera ranges, Mount Ngongataha in the central volcanic or, later, to the southwest of Lake Taupo in the vast rugged wilderness around Atene above the Wanganui River. In the South Island, who were living in the hills around Lyttelton Harbour, Akaroa and Takitimu range as well as in the mountainous region between the Arahura River and Lake Brunner, etc.
Entire villages, totem poles, canoes, greenstone treasures, musical instruments, boxes carved feathers and all possessions of the previous people fell into the hands of the conquerors as Maori or awards the spoils of war (plunder muru). Patu-paiarehe arts, crafts, or all of the hidden treasures not in swamps or buried for later retrieval, then, became the objects associated with Maori culture and symbolism. However, the true lineage of these ancient religious or cultural expressions date back to the countries from which the distant ancestors of the Patu-paiarehe came.
It seems obvious that some ancient groups came to New Zealand directly from Continental Europe start to the season, as evidenced by the types of household structures and astronomical stone found in the landscape of New Zealand (including many villages hovel home hive dome, now reduced to heaps of stone ). Others came more directly from the former homelands European base in the eastern Mediterranean, through Central America and South America and Easter Island route and bringing a lot of them flora of that region. Because Europeans shared much of the same old heritage expressed through common standards of measurement, religious beliefs, cultural idiosyncrasies, writing, cutting, motives and symbolism, language, plinn rhythms, dance, musical instruments, astronomical science / navigation, etc. Many cultural items tend to mix and confuse in a related expression of several continents.
The strong religious and cultural beliefs, which led to the creation of carved greenstone Hei-Tiki ornaments or pendants Maori culture and more generally worn by women, are traceable to Europe and the Mediterranean, with its, Pantheon Shared gods. Recognizable forms of Hei-Tiki are also found in Peru, Mexico, Palestine, Egypt and South. The New Zealand Hei-Tiki pendant and totems squat wooden or stone showing the same design attributes are a local version of Bes, the Egyptian god of the South of pregnant mothers, children and the home. When ancient Caucasian tribes left Egypt and its satellite cities to the desert and migrated to invade the territory of Green Europa or elsewhere, took their religious and cultural concepts with them. Bes peers and slightly variable in many lands was a much loved, hairy and ugly, bowlegged little artist-patron god statues or murals found in scattered from Egypt to New Zealand ... Bes / Pan / Puck / Tiki / Rongo.
He was Puca in Old English, Old Norse Puki in, Puke in Swedish, Danish Puge, PUK in Low German, Latvian and Lithuanian Pukis. The Greeks pre-Christians represented as a set of pipes, fun-loving, mischievous little dwarf sator god, associated with fertility. Whether the Greek Pan or Puck of Britain (aka Robin Goodfellow), kept many attributes dwarf god Bes Egypt. In Egypt, he protected mothers and children of snakes, scorpions and lions and was often depicted as holding a snake in his left hand and a short sword knife in his right hand raised. Some representations European Puck show the snake in his left hand. Much later the Christians of Rome denounced the all-too-popular little Greek shepherd god-sator and represented it as the devil (Satan), thereby destroying the high esteem and adoration previously vested in him by the common people.
Edited by andes_wolf, 13 October 2012 - 03:07 AM.