SC: But nevertheless, it is a good indicator of Vyse’s corrupt and fraudulent character. He was quite prepared to commit fraud in the Beverley election to get what he wanted.
SC: I have to say that I find your opinion somewhat naïve. You make the big assumption that Howard-Vyse had to understand how to read/write hieroglyphs in order to perpetrate such a fraud in Campbell’s Chamber. Nothing could be further from the truth.
All he needed to know was how to read the name of ‘Khufu’. And this name (with hatched disc) had been published in Rosellini’s book in 1832 - 5 years BEFORE Howard-Vyse ever went near Egypt. This knowledge would have given Howard-Vyse all the information he needed to perpetrate a fraud in the Great Pyramid. Howard-Vyse could simply have copied into Campbell’s Chamber inscriptions from an artefact he had found elsewhere outside the pyramid. And we know that Howard-Vyse DID find the fragment of at least one artefact bearing the quail chick outside the pyramid – he shows it in his book. That the Horus name would be found alongside the birth name on a stone slab would hardly be unusual. Howard-Vyse would not have known the other inscriptions were Khufu’s Horus name – but he knows whatever is being said on a stone found elsewhere is related to Khufu. That the inscriptions are later found to be Khufu’s Horus name is merely a serendipitous piece of luck for Howard-Vyse. But, as stated, it would not be unusual to find the birth and Horus names together on a block of stone. All Howard-Vyse needed to know was how to properly write Khufu.
In actual fact, it would have made Howard-Vyse’s case stronger were he to have found and presented to the world the Khufu cartouche with a plain disk for, as you well know, the plain disk CAN represent ‘Kh’ (when painted green/blue) and it seems quite certain from Howard-Vyse's own journal that Howard-Vyse did NOT know that.
Thus, that we find the hatched disc in Campbell's Chamber actually weakens Howard-Vyse’s claim since it may simply be a reflection of his (incorrect) view that the plain disc could ONLY mean ‘Re’ (i.e. Re-ufu) and thus could not, in his view, possibly be the correct glyph for 'Kh'ufu to place into the chamber. Logically then, in Howard-Vyse's view, there HAD to be another inscription for the first sign. And so, a serendipitous discovery outside the pyramid (or possibly from elsewhere e.g. Rosellini's 1832 book which shows the Khufu cartouche 5 years before Howard-Vyse's alleged discovery) combined with simple deduction could easily have given Howard-Vyse the correct inscription for Khufu. And the correct way to inscribe Khufu, as stated earlier, was all the info he needed.
And such an allegation of fraud was actually made against Howard-Vyse by Humphries Brewer, a stonemason who worked with Howard-Vyse at Giza, to wit:
And given the debacle of Howard-Vyse’s claimed discovery of the remains of Menkaure in G3 which totally smacks of attempted deception (coffin remains bearing Menkaure’s name found with bones wrapped in wool – both found to be from different eras none of which belonged to the 4th dynasty). .It is hardly surprising that this whole episode of Howard-Vyse’s activities in G3 are quietly being dropped by consensus Egyptology.
All things considered, things do not look good at all for Howard-Vyse and if I were a betting man I would most certainly bet that he perpetrated a fraud. He had the means, the motive and the character. No linguistic skills required.
Edited by Scott Creighton, 07 April 2013 - 02:57 PM.