In this post I hope to explain how the alliance system can result in war, a system still rife in the international community today, and will then tackle the arms race. Firstly, I shall respond to my opponents comments in the last post.
To be more precise, the war was blamed on Germany because of the schlieffen plan; which I will get back to later in this post as I explain the alliance system and how it can lead to war.
Good thoughts and very well put, but can it possibly be denied that this technology can and will be used for war? Look at the nuclear arms race and the cold war, for example.
Really? Because as I understood the USA and UK, along with many other MEDC's, just entered an unwarranted war which you've already admitted was for economic gain; to refresh your memory....
You said it yourself; Lies. As already said, the USA must enter a war at least once every fifteen years or so to sustain its economy. The Iraq war fits perfectly into this timeline.
Of course. We still let the Iraq war happen, did we not?
Thats right; Our technology is a lot deadlier now.
...like nuclear warfare, like Biological weapons...
...and then bombard a country that had little if not nothing to do with the attacks?
War has completely changed. Now it is not the country with the best soldiers that wins, but the best scientist. We are better, but only in the noble and long-lived art of killing eachother.
The alliance system
The alliance system means that a small conflict between two insignificant countries can today evolve into a nuclear war between hundreds of MEDC's and super powers. I will use one example.
World War one.
As already stated, World War one was sparked by the assassination of arch duke Franz Ferdinand. This resulted in a war between the nationalistic serbia and the strong Austria-Hungary. Serbia appealed to it's allie, Russia for help. Russia consequently prepared to help defend Serbia from the Austria-Hungarian army. In the face of the mighty Russia, Austria-Hungary requested help from it's allie, Germany, who agreed to attack Russia if Russia stood in the way of Serbia.
Russia was part of the trible entente, so consequently appealed to France and Britain for aid against the new threat from Germany.
Germany was part of the treble alliance, so then requested aid from the rest of it's allies. It then formed a front against the trible entente with Austria-Hungary and Italy.
Germanys fear of being sorrounded resulted in the scleffein plan, which involved marching through the defencelss belgium and attacking France where they were weakest.
This string of events certainley proves beyond a doubt that the alliance system causes global conflicts; a small dispute between Serbia and Austria Hungary ultimatley resulted in a war that killed millions upon millions.
Now, does the alliance system not still exsist? Didn't the UK and many other European countries get dragged into a middle eastern war only recently? And was the reasoning for this not purely in the intrest of defending relations with an allie (and world super power), the USA?
The Arms Race
I will now demonstrate how failure to disarm will ultimatley result in a World war.
I have collected these statistics of the World War one arms race.
Source- All of the following Statistics came from the book 'Modern World History, Editon 2' by Ben Walsh.
World War one
Dreadnought: The first of a new class of warships. Large, powerful, deadly, expensive.
Between 1906 & 1914 Britain built 29.
Between 1906 & 1914 germany built 17.
The ships were VERY expensive to build and maintain. They costed MILLIONS anually, to mantain a single ship.
Especially worthy of note is 1913, in which Britain Built 7 Dreadnoughts.
This all occured in the lead up to World War one. The ships obviously would not have been built if they were not intended for use.
Below is another example, the build up of Military personnel in the lead up to World War one (in millions and excludeing reserves).
1900 1910 1914
France 0.7m 0.8m 0.9m
Russia 1.1m 1.3m 1.3m
Austria-Hungary 0.25m 0.3m 0.35m
Germany 0.5m 0.7m 1.5m
Italy 0.25m 0.3m 0.35m
Britain 0.5m 0.55m 0.6m
After Germany left the league of nations, which will be strongly reffered to in my next post, it began to openly ignore the demands of the treaty of versailles, and began to rearm itself.
Aircrafts - 36.
Aircrafts - 8,250.
Soldiers - 950,000.
These figures are shocking, however prove that the arms race leads to war. It is hardly a coincidence that both of the statistics I have shown were dureing the lead up to a World War.
So how are these figures relevent, you ask? Unless all countries disarm, which, in my oppinion, will never happen, war is unavoidable. Look at nuclear arms race. Or the chemical and biological arms race that is still ongoing today. No country trusts it's enemeys (or friends) enougth to disarm, and it's enemeys and friends feel the same. How then, do you suppose, that a global conflict, a world war, will never come about, when you understand the huge armys we are sitting on. Billions are spent annually on these weapons; why, if countries never had the beleif that they'd be used?
That concludes this post. In my next post I will explain international law and intrest and why it cannot prevent war from occuring.
Over to you, Scotty