An important raw material, amber was transported from the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts overland by way of the Vistula and Dnieper rivers to Italy, Greece, the Black Sea, and Egypt thousands of years ago, and long after.
In Roman times, a main route ran south from the Baltic coast in Prussia through the land of the Boii (modern Czech Republic and Slovakia) to the head of the Adriatic Sea (modern Gulf of Venice). The Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun had Baltic amber among his burial goods, and amber was sent from the North Sea to the temple of Apollo at Delphi as an offering. From the Black Sea, trade could continue to Asia along the Silk Road, another ancient trade route.
The Old Prussian towns of Kaup and Truso on the Baltic were the starting points of the route to the south. In Scandinavia the amber road probably gave rise to the thriving Nordic Bronze Age culture, bringing influences from the Mediterranean Sea to the northernmost countries of Europe.
Or taking influences INTO the Mediterranean.
The Veneti were at the end point of the trade route at the Gulf of Venice. Amber was sent from the North Sea to Apollo's temple, which surely indicates to me a Northern origin for Apollo.
You mention amber. Did the Fryans trade in amber? I have never read anything about that in the OLB.
Maybe I missed it, and I am going to check it now.
I didn't find anything about 'amber' in the OLB.
In modern Frisian it is called "barnstien".
The ancient Germans called it "glēsa".
The "barn" root has to do with 'burning', they used it as fuel or something like that.
"Barnstein" means "burnt stone".
I tried it myself, burn pine resin, and it burns for a very, very long time. I soaked a linnen cloth in it, put it on a wooden stick and set it alight.
It burns for many hours like a torch.
Maybe the Fryans used amber for their 'lamps'?
But if they traded in amber, why don't we read about it in the OLB?
It was being used by the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians.
I now think we are on a wrong track again with these 'Veneti'.
The Fryans were known by many names according to the OLB, but we don't read anythng in the OLB about "Veneti" or amber.
The Veneti appear to have lived all over Europe, from the Baltic, to the centre of Europe, to the Med, to the Channel area, to England, and Scotland.
But nothing about them in the OLB.
They are just another nail into the coffin of the OLB.
Edited by Abramelin, 16 March 2012 - 02:12 PM.