Tanis is situated within modern Zaqaziq, a city in the Nile Delta. Tanis is the Greek name of the ancient city “ Janet “, now is known as “ San El-Hagar “, which means the place of stones because of the huge number of stones in the area. (About 160km from Cairo).
The first time to be mentioned was through the 20th dynasty, later in the 21st dynasty, it became the northern capital of Egypt. Many monuments can be seen at the area as the city wall, royal cemetery, the temple of Ramses the second, the sacred lake (the only one in Delta temples) and many obelisks most of them are broken or laid, due to earthquakes and soil movements. Some of the obelisks that were found there had been transferred to other places such as the one located at Cairo airport
Tanis was also a city of commerce, largely due its excellent position on the Nile Delta. It was a center for textile manufacture and the chief port for Asiatic trade.
Amongst the fabulous discoveries made in NRT III were a silver coffin, a gold mummy board and golden face mask, but more treasures were yet to be discovered. When work at the site restarted in 1943, led by Alexandre Lezine, another chamber was discovered with the undisturbed burial of Wendjebauenjed, a soldier, buried with jewels and more burial finery.
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Tanis was known by many names. Ancient Egyptians called it Djanet, and the Old Testament refers to the site as Zoan. Today it's called Sân el-Hagar.
references to Zoan existing previously as early as the time of Abraham are taken to mean the old Hyksos capital at Avaris and the nearby Ramesside capital of Pi-Ramesses, about 25 km. from the site of Tanis.