The most common theory is that the name Angeln itself means "hook", as in angling for fish. Many reputable etymological dictionaries are silent on its root. Julius Pokorny, a major Indo-European linguist, derives it from *ang-, "bend". The meaning would be Anwohner der Holsteiner Bucht, "residents at the Bay of Holstein". The problem with this derivation is that Grimm's Law does not appear to apply to it. The theory that "Angeln" refers to a landform resembling a hook would have required advanced mapmaking abilities by its people, and is thus misleading.
Generally accepted ... more than a hundred years ago.
That these guys got their name from their fish-hooks I only found in the OLB and the 1858 source.
But the next etymology sounds even more plausible (to me):
The Angles were part of the Federation of the Ingaevones, with their mythical ancestor and god of fertility Yngvi, and both terms might well share the same root (inglish -> anglish), say as the origin of the federation. Pokorny points out the possible use of this etymological root in other ancient names, such as Hardanger and Angrivarii.
Combine that with this: Yngling
"Yngling means descendant of Frey"
Well, we can't have that in the OLB, right?
Edited by Abramelin, 11 January 2012 - 05:37 PM.