Lots of other questions spring to mind about but keeping with Eden. Kain and Abel is a story of the hunter-gatherer and the farmer. Kain, the farmer killed his brother and so the world was populated by farmers. However, there was another son and that was Seth. I think this refers to a surviving class of shamans or priests who did retain the ethos of the hunter-gatherer to some degree. When I say hunter-gatherer this is not to say they were simpler but that they were more confortable living as part of nature rather than trying to dominate it. Andrew Collins has some excellent points on this.
What was the relationship between the centres of Göbekli Tepe, Nevali Çori and Çatal Huyuk?
The main relationship between key PPN sites such as Göbekli Tepe and Nevali Çori is the fact that their layout, design and art are the same. They were constructed by the same unique race of people. They connect with Çatal Hüyük because this was a latter development of the same high culture, and so this city - excavated first in the early 1960s by British archaeologist James Mellaart - can tell us much about the earlier cults at places such as Göbekli Tepe and Nevali Çori. Like, for example, the Neolithic cult of the dead. At Çatal Hüyük we find frescoes of vultures accompanying the soul of the deceased into the next world, and also of shamans taking the form of vultures for presumed shamanic practices, such as contacting or journeying into the other world. Since statues of birdmen, as well as those of vultures, have been found at both Göbekli Tepe and Nevali Çori, we can be pretty sure that the same cult existed here as far back as 11,500-10,000 BP.
Could you tell me about the stone Karibu that guards the tree of life? This reminds me a lot of the cherub that guards the Ark of the Covenant and a similar image found also among the Babylonians. Is Göbekli Tepe really the origin of those biblical symbols?
Karibu and Cherubim are the same - angelic beings, and ultimately their roots can be traced back to memories of the priestly or ruling elite at places such as Göbekli Tepe. Clearly, there is more to the story of the cherub that guards the Tree of Life in the Garden of Eden, for it might also relate to either archaeoastronomy or a global catastrophe around the end of the last Ice Age. Much more knowledge about this epoch is contained in the Book of Enoch and Book of Giants, both found among the Dead Sea Scrolls and probably first recorded down in the region of Southeast Turkey, where Abraham, the ancestor of the Hebrew race is said to have come from. A cave shrine marking his alleged place of birth can be visited in Sanliurfa (Urfa, the ancient city of ancient Edessa), where various PPN sites have been discovered. There is powerful evidence, supported by David Rohl, to demonstrate that Sanliurfa, ancient Urfa, was the original Ur of the Chaldees, where Abraham is said to have been born. It is very possible that the story of the Watchers, as found in the Book of Enoch, was carried out of Upper Mesopotamia, the true site of Chaldea, when Abraham and his family, the ancestors of the Israelites and Jews, set out from the city of Harran on their epic journey to Canaan, the future land of Israel.
Other interesting things are that apparently there are deeper and older sites beneath the temple. Someone went to a great deal of effort around 8000 bce to bury the temple. Was this to protect it from the profane or to preserve it for posterity. Also there is some suggestion that there are constellation maps carved in the stone. They may not be accurate but this guy makes a good case.
Finally what do people thing on the reason for the 'T' shapes? Sky burials or sacrificial alters or a representation of a meeting between heaven and earth. Maybe it is a muchroom.
Edited by SlimJim22, 31 January 2011 - 09:06 PM.