There are many linkages to other parts of Africa, specifically ancient Kemet, in the religion of Serer. It seems possible that the Serer found the sacred city of Kaon upon their arrival in Sine – Saloum as a replica of the Egyptian city of the same name. In addition, the name of the deity Roog suggests Ra. Indeed, Roog was often complemented by the national epithet, Sen. Kemetologists have seen in the Serer name Sar, a widely used Serer name, the idea of nobility, because in ancient Kemet (Egypt), the term Sa Ra meant Son of God. A linguistic variant of this is San, from the nobility of Sudan, as in the expression San-Kore, the area where the nobility and intellectuals lived in Timbuktu.
Clearly, the Serer represent an African people with an extensive religious history and fascinating regard for human community as expressed in their language. From their famous burial mounds, tumuli, or pyramids to their intense philosophical reflections on the nature of space and time, human relationships, and the meaning of life, the Serer are in the tradition of Africans who have confronted their environment with numerous questions and answers.
This is a list of states headed by the Serer Lamanes. The Lamanes (or Lamans) have a historical, economic and religious significance in Serer countries. Linked to the Pangool (Serer saints and ancestral spirits in Serer religion). Henry Gravrand believes that their existence can be approximately placed at the time of the Neolithic Era about 10,000 years ago, when he believes that the people he describes as the proto-Serers of the Senegambia Region, Mauritania and the Western Sahara, etc., depicted rupestral engravings of the Pangool on the Tassili n'Ajjer. He sees this era as marking the development of Serer religion and culture.
The Tassili area was once a green country with many rivers, lakes and animals. When desertifation set in, its inhabitants went on the move. To Egypt.... and West Africa?
Their religion: http://en.wikipedia..../Serer_religion
The dead, especially those from the upper echelons of society were mummified in order to prepare them for the afterlife (Jaaniiw). They were accompanied by grave goods including gold, silver, metal, their armour and other personal objects. Mummification is less common now especially post independent Senegal.
The dead were buried in a pyramid shaped tomb
One of the most important cosmological stars of the Serer people is called Yoonir. The "Star of Yoonir" is part of the Serer cosmos. It is very important and sacred and just one of many religious symbols in Serer religion and cosmology. It is the brightest star of the universe and commonly known as the Star of Sirius. With an ancient heritage of farming, "Yoonir" is very important and sacred in Serer religion, because it announces the beginning of flooding and enables Serer farmers to start planting seeds.
Jaaniiw (the sacred abode of souls) in Serer symbolism
Serer cosmogony : representation of the universe (look at the shape)
Sirius is depicted as a pentagram in Serer cosmology:
The Serer account regarding origins of the stars in found in Serer cosmology especially the Star of "Yoonir" (in Serer and Cangin) more commonly known as the Star of Sirius, Serer-numbers and symbolism. Yoonir (Sirius), is the Serer representation of the Universe and the transcendence. Its five branches symbolize humans on Earth, standing up with their heads held high, their hands raised, which symbolizes work and prayer. The Star is spread across the heavens and on Earth figuratively, symbolizing the sign of the supreme deity (Roog or Koox) and the image of man.
In Egyptian mythology, Sopdet was the deification of Sothis, a star considered by almost all Egyptologists to be Sirius. The name Sopdet means (she who is) sharp in Egyptian, a reference to the brightness of Sirius, which is the brightest star in the night sky. In art she is depicted as a woman with a five-pointed star upon her head.
The hieroglyph representing Sirius contains three elements: a “phallic” obelisk (representing Osiris), a “womb-like” dome (representing Isis) and a star (representing Horus).
Maad Saloum (variations : Mad Saloum, Maat Saloum, Bour Saloum, Bur Saloum, etc.) means king of Saloum, in the Serer language. The ancient Kingdom of Saloum now part of present-day Senegal was a pre-colonial Serer kingdom. Their kings bore the title Maad or Mad (also Maat though rarely used). The royal title was sometimes used interchangeably with that of their ancient kings and landed gentry - the lamanes.
(1) In The Old Kingdom.
Ma'at is merged with the will of the king who assumes the service of men. It is not the career, since it is spontaneous and bound to ambition. Career in the service of the sovereign and Ma'at are therefore distinctly separated, but form an indispensable complement.
(2) In the First Intermediate Period
After the fall of the monarchy of the Old Kingdom, there is no longer a career in the king's service. A virtuous life compliant to Ma'at can alone lead to immortality.
However, the very word of Ma'at, which remains identified by the Egyptians with the king, with the State, disappears from the inscriptions.
(3) In the Middle Kingdom.
Thanks to literature known as "propaganda" (an unsuitable term, but close enough), the monarchy reintroduces the traditional notion of Ma'at - service to the king, as a necessity of survival.
It is added to the necessities of virtue and the tomb. The tomb and Ma'at become inseparable.
The symbols used by the Serer (and related peoples):
It is said (Strabo) that the Phoenicians did not invent their own script, but adopted them from another people. Could they have been the Serer? It could also have been the other way round, of course.
A table with on the left Phoenician, on the right "Raampa":
SERER - Raampa - Phoenician.gif 22.38K 12 downloads
Edited by Abramelin, 01 September 2012 - 08:46 AM.