# Time, The First And Fundamental Dimension...

time first dimension

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### #1 soldier4death

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Posted 25 October 2012 - 11:51 PM

We all know the old analogies of explaining n-space, where you start off with a single dimension in which only a line can exist, and then one dimension up, in which 2D objects like squares and triangles can exist, and then up one dimension to the 3D universe around us, which we can perceive as objects with height, width and depth. And then we normally add in Time as the fourth dimension, so that our calculations work out.

However, even in a one-dimensional universe, time would be required for two lines to interact. You want to experience an n-dimensional world, time is required. Information about anything and everything cannot breach the speed of light, in other words, it takes time. So a one-dimensional universe cannot be perceived by a one-dimensional observer in the absence of time.

So, it seems that if we consider Minkowski's space-time, a "four-dimensional universe", with the regular x,y and z axes, with time combined, then it should make sense to consider time as the very first dimension, and not the fourth. The common view on the subject is that time is added as the fourth dimension, kinda like an afterthought.

But if Time is indeed the first dimension, being fundamental, it seems as if Time has to exist before any of the other dimensions can unfold. And that the other dimensions (or their existence) is impossible in the absence of Time...

A lot of interesting conclusions can be drawn from this. For instance, if Time is indeed fundamental, it would imply that Time alone can merrily exist in the absence of the 2ND, 3RD and 4TH dimensions - but that none of those dimensions are possible in the absence of time...

So, "space" can not exist without time. And perhaps, vica versa?
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### #2 StarMountainKid

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Posted 26 October 2012 - 01:25 AM

Well stated. I wonder how time and the speed of light are related. As you say, it takes time for information to travel from "A" to "B" because the speed of light is finite. If the speed of light were infinite, information could travel instantaneously. How would that alter the dimension of time from our present experience of it?
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### #3 me-wonders

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Posted 27 October 2012 - 04:43 PM

Contemplating time is very interesting.   I am not sure if the following statements are correct.

It is my understanding time is an abstract.  That means it is a thought not something concrete.  Whereas dimensions are a physical manifestation.  What moves has physical reality, but time does not.  Time is a measure of movement through space, and if there is no movement, there is no time.   You can not measure what is not.  A dimension being a physical manifestation and can be measured.

### #4 StarMountainKid

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Posted 27 October 2012 - 05:46 PM

me-wonders said:

t is my understanding time is an abstract.

Time is interesting, I agree. I think time is an actual dimension for several reasons. One is, as matter warps space (gravity), time is warped as well. Therefore, space and time are unifided as space-time, and they can not be separated. If we have space we must have time. So, even when there is no movement in space, time still must exist in that space.

If there were not time when there is no movement, that section of space would be left behind as an adjoining section of space whith movement in it evolves into the future, so to speak.

If we visualize a vertical loaf of sliced bread, each slice represents a moment of space-time. The bottom slice representing a moment in the past and the top slice representing the present moment. Even when there is no movement within each slice, all the slices can be thought of as representing space evolving in time, from bottom to top.

So, even when no movement occurs in each slice, overall, time is advancing from the bottom slice to the top slice. Time advances whether there is movement or not withing space (slices).

I think this is one explanation of the time dimension, anyway (as poorly as I can explain it). I'm no expert in any sense, I just think this is an interesting explanation of what time may be like. There are other opinions actual 'experts' have, some agree with you, so I think the subject is still open to discussion.
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### #5 me-wonders

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Posted 28 October 2012 - 01:09 AM

Your explanation does not work for me, because the way I figure it, there can not be space without movement.   The dot that is does not become a line, does not represent time, but the line does.   The loaf of bread is made of atoms and the atoms are made of atomic particles that are more space than matter, and that space exist because of movement.   Stop the movement and there is nothing.

Hey, I just learned time has been debated since ancient times.  What fun.   http://en.wikipedia...._space_and_time

I have been trying to get better information and learned we can not complete stop the movement of atomic particles but can slow them down.  Because of the law of thermaldynamics preventing the complete freezing of particles, I don't know if doing so would elemenate the existence of such.

Edited by me-wonders, 28 October 2012 - 01:59 AM.

### #6 StarMountainKid

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Posted 28 October 2012 - 02:51 AM

Here's an interesting video about time:

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### #7 me-wonders

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Posted 28 October 2012 - 06:47 AM

Bravo, great video.   Now I orginally had this problem with time because of this idea that time has a direction.  If time has a direction, where is coming from and where is it going?  What is moving and what causes the motion?

The word entopy is interesting.   http://en.wikipedia....i/Entropy  What is entopying?  Where does it come from?

Are we speaking of the big bang?  Wouldn't  the movement from the big bang be from a center outward?  The means the movement goes in all directions out from a center, and this is not like hitting balls on a pool table. Those balls are not moving, and whatever is eminating from the center of a big bang is moving out.   I can not imagine any reason for anything to collide into anything else, like balls on pool table.

Now the story goes that matter follows the big bang, and this becomes dust that becomes stars and planets, or something like that, but this is not entropy, is it?    I see the opposite of entropy.  I see an evolution of greater and greater complexity and varity.

It is late and I really need to recharge my brain.     It is really a lot of fun thinking about all this stuff     It seems the more we think on it, the more interesting it gets.  Heck, we might even discover God.

### #8 StarMountainKid

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Posted 28 October 2012 - 05:32 PM

me-wonders said:

I see the opposite of entropy.  I see an evolution of greater and greater complexity and varity.

Entropy is not an absolute law, it is a tenancy, in a way, but ultimately it always prevails. Disorder can become temporarily ordered, whether naturally or by manipulation by us, but that order will eventually become disordered. I think this is called the entropic arrow of time.

Quote

Wouldn't  the movement from the big bang be from a center outward?  The means the movement goes in all directions out from a center...

I don't think there is a center of the universe from which all things are moving away from. For instance, when we look in all directions from Earth, everything around us is moving away from us no matter in which direction we look.  There is no preferred direction in which the universe is expanding. In general, everything is moving away from everything else in all directions.

In a 2D analogy, there is no center to the surface of the earth, or any center to the surface of an expanding balloon. It's an odd thought, I agree. Because we are inside the Big Bang, the BB happened everywhere, and the universe's expansion is happening everywhere.

Even if we could roll back time to the instant when the BB happened, it would not happen in any specific location, because we would be there, too, inside it, with no reference point to determine any specific center of its expansion.

Edited by StarMountainKid, 28 October 2012 - 05:32 PM.

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### #9 me-wonders

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Posted 31 October 2012 - 05:13 PM

I didn't believe you, so I googled for information and found out science agrees with you.  I am not dealing well with this   I am thinking there is a center to the balloon.  There is a center to everything even if it is flled with air.   It has taken me 50 years to accept there is nothing outside of the universe, not even space, because the universe is space.  Oh dear, my brain is melting down.   Does this happen to anyone else?  When thoughts don't make sense to me, my brain starts feeling really wierd.  This is Halloween and I am thinking thoughts of space and time that don't make sense give me a creepy feeling, as well shut down my brain.

Here is a video that explains what you said http://www.spitzer.c...f-the-Universe-

The balloon model makes sense sort of , but the bolloon is a flat surface and if we go through the balloon horizontally and vertically there is a center.  Is this going through a worm hole?  I have to give my brain a rest and get back to something that makes sense.  I am working on an exhibit about time, and I think I will narrow this down to time as we exprience it on earth, and avoid the greater challenge of understanding time not dicated by the rotation of our planet around the sun and the moon around our planet.

### #10 lightly

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Posted 01 November 2012 - 02:41 PM

Fascinating .. even to the unlearned, such as me! Galaxies sometimes collide and cluster , which is visible proof of local forces overcoming expansion .. so is any physical body.  Not everything is moving apart.. if  that was true  .. we could not exist.   If all space is expanding.. then that would include the space between  our noses and computer screens.   Even the space within atoms? Think about it.... would space stop expanding at the edge of our galaxy?  .. the edge of our solar system?... the edge of our atmosphere?... the edge  of our yard?  ... at the front door?  at the surface of our skin? NO. It's just that local forces (mainly gravity?) keep *nearby things in their relative positions  ... IN ... expanding space.

How  would all of this be affected by shrinking space.. a (big crunch) ?   .   . . . . ...?

Here's another thought..   If Space and time are one and the same .. then  if space is expanding.. so is time.  Maybe it's this expansion that we experience as 'time' ?

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Edited by lightly, 01 November 2012 - 02:45 PM.

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### #11 me-wonders

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Posted 02 November 2012 - 12:51 AM

What you  said reminded me of the quickening.  I googled "time quickening" and got stuff about what the bible says and other prophecies, but nothing scientific.  I assume that means there is no science to what is said about the quickening, but thought I would  throw it into the discussion.  If time is something like gravity, could it move slower or faster?  Would space expanding like balloon change the rate of time?  Would anything effect time?

I am still not believing there is such a thing as time, only our preception of time, and that can change a lot, depending on if we are waiting for something, or are totally aborbed in what we are doing.  But maybe more explanations will convince me time is a force like gravity.

### #12 synchronomy

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Posted 02 November 2012 - 01:22 AM

me-wonders, on 02 November 2012 - 12:51 AM, said:

What you  said reminded me of the quickening.  I googled "time quickening" and got stuff about what the bible says and other prophecies, but nothing scientific.  I assume that means there is no science to what is said about the quickening, but thought I would  throw it into the discussion.  If time is something like gravity, could it move slower or faster?  Would space expanding like balloon change the rate of time?  Would anything effect time?

I am still not believing there is such a thing as time, only our preception of time, and that can change a lot, depending on if we are waiting for something, or are totally aborbed in what we are doing.  But maybe more explanations will convince me time is a force like gravity.
This former artronaut explains time well.

At the heart of science is an essential balance between two seemingly contradictory attitudes--an openness to new ideas, no matter how bizarre or counterintuitive they may be, and the most ruthless skeptical scrutiny of all ideas, old and new.
This is how deep truths are winnowed from deep nonsense. -- Carl Sagan

### #13 StarMountainKid

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Posted 02 November 2012 - 11:13 PM

me-woners said:

I am still not believing there is such a thing as time, only our preception of time, and that can change a lot, depending on if we are waiting for something, or are totally aborbed in what we are doing.

I sort of agree with you about psychological time. If space-time exists as slices of space-time, each slice representing space during the shortest moment of time, then in each slice time wouldn't exist. Each slice would be static with no movement possible, like a frame of movie film.

Each frame or slice of space-time would exist as separate 'now's', the shortest moments of time. (Planck time is considered the shortest unit of time, 10 ^-44 seconds.)

Our psychological consciousness may somehow process all these separate frames into what we experience as time elapsing.  All these moments or slices of space-time 'now's' would always exist. Your 'now' at 12:00 noon yesterday still exists with you within it as a slice of space-time. If this is true, all slices of space and time must exist, past, present and future.

This may be what the universe is: time-captured moments of space.  All space and all time exist in these space-time slices, from the Big Bang to the end of the endless expansion of the universe. All these slices exist right now, but we can't access them, we can only experience our psychological perception of time. For us, time seems to move from past to future as we experience slice after slice.

As I've said before, I'm definitely no expert in these matters, all this is just what I've picked up through my interests. I don't think there is any completely agreed on definition of time.
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### #14 sepulchrave

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Posted 03 November 2012 - 01:13 AM

I am jumping into this thread a bit late, but I have a few things to say.

soldier4death, on 25 October 2012 - 11:51 PM, said:

...So, it seems that if we consider Minkowski's space-time, a "four-dimensional universe", with the regular x,y and z axes, with time combined, then it should make sense to consider time as the very first dimension, and not the fourth. The common view on the subject is that time is added as the fourth dimension, kinda like an afterthought...
I agree with everything you say, I just wanted to point out that while time may often be referred to as ``fourth'', time is usually the first component of the Minkowski metric (the value at row 1, column 1 in the matrix).

StarMountainKid, on 26 October 2012 - 01:25 AM, said:

Well stated. I wonder how time and the speed of light are related.
They are very intimately related, see my comments below...

me-wonders, on 27 October 2012 - 04:43 PM, said:

It is my understanding time is an abstract.  That means it is a thought not something concrete.  Whereas dimensions are a physical manifestation.  What moves has physical reality, but time does not.  Time is a measure of movement through space, and if there is no movement, there is no time.   You can not measure what is not.  A dimension being a physical manifestation and can be measured.
Time is concrete. In Special Relativity (which seems to be correct, based on all our experiments) time is very intimately related to a spatial dimension.

The three spatial dimensions we are familiar with are all interchangeable through the physical process of ``changing your perspective'' (i.e. turning around maps the direction that used to be ``forward'' into the direction ``backward'', turns ``left'' into ``right'', etc.), and through the equivalent mathematical process called a trigonometric rotation.

In a very similar sense, space and time are interchangeable through the physical process of ``moving faster'', and through the equivalent mathematical process called a hyperbolic rotation. Note the equivalent language; if the speed of light were an imaginary number (ignoring, of course, whether or not that even makes sense) there would be no difference between space and time!

Time is ``different'' than space, and because of that (or mathematically, because of the differences between trigonometric and hyperbolic functions) we can never completely map space into time or vice-versa. But we can partially map one into the other. That is the fundamental origin of the ``length contraction'' and ``time dilation'' that occur a relativistic speeds.

me-wonders, on 28 October 2012 - 01:09 AM, said:

I have been trying to get better information and learned we can not complete stop the movement of atomic particles but can slow them down.  Because of the law of thermaldynamics preventing the complete freezing of particles, I don't know if doing so would elemenate the existence of such.
There connection between ``thermodynamic time'' and the time in ``space-time'' is very interesting but not completely figured out yet.

There is definitely a difference between the time in ``space-time'', which is just an (arbitrary) coordinate, and the time in ``thermodynamic time'' which is more the expression of an object's age.  (And therefore closer to a spacetime interval than just a difference in time.)

me-wonders, on 02 November 2012 - 12:51 AM, said:

What you  said reminded me of the quickening.  I googled "time quickening" and got stuff about what the bible says and other prophecies, but nothing scientific.  I assume that means there is no science to what is said about the quickening, but thought I would  throw it into the discussion.  If time is something like gravity, could it move slower or faster?  Would space expanding like balloon change the rate of time?  Would anything effect time?
I think ``yes'', but how would we tell? If everything in the Universe changed by the same amount, would you be able to see anything different?

If you could somehow find a vantage point outside the Universe maybe things would look different.

### #15 me-wonders

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Posted 05 November 2012 - 05:05 PM

I am in a hurry and can't read all the post, but want to say I really like the Amsterdam's  talk on time.  To me that is the right reasoning, but "theromodyamic time" looks darn interesting!  I wish I had more time to study this, but I have to work on my ballot and other paper work things.  boo   I hate paper work type stuff, and making decisions.

Hey, I am going to visit with a gaming friend, because he can make me sit until I get everything done, and without help, I will keep finding reasons to put things off.  Maybe I should throw dice for those ballot decisions?

Edited by me-wonders, 05 November 2012 - 05:07 PM.

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