Vermont is a right to own state. You need to prove residency, have a valid ID (I believe it must be a driver's license) and pass a federal background check. After that, you pay for the firearm, ammo and whatever else you're getting and leave.
Now, the thing about these background checks that most people have a misconception of - they only take minutes to do, not days (unless there are many checks being done, in which case they will have you come back either later in the day, or the next day). These checks can be done over the phone, or online with NICS.
Edited by MstrMsn, 03 January 2013 - 05:50 AM.