As 'Lord of the Two Lands' the pharaoh was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. He owned all of the land, made laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt against foreigners.
As 'High Priest of Every Temple', the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He performed rituals and built temples to honour the gods.
Many pharaohs went to war when their land was threatened or when they wanted to control foreign lands. If the pharaoh won the battle, the conquered people had to recognise the Egyptian pharaoh as their ruler and offer him the finest and most valuable goods from their land.
the pharaoh claimed to be descended from the god rah.
he forced them to accept him as ruler, by divine right he was ruler.
what differences differ between him and the pope? the pope rules the catholic church being descended from the apostles (debated but for the sake of the argument assume he is as he ruled over people who believed he was)
would any war or law be considered to have religious authority and were his own wars justified by his religion?
Edited by Armchair Educated, 05 April 2013 - 09:44 AM.