The Piri Reis map remains one of the strangest ancient discoveries of modern times.
- Its age has been confirmed
- The map shows antarctica at a time it had not been discovered
Many ancient artifacts were found during the topkat palace, Turkey, reorganization among them was the Piri Reis. The map drew immediate attention as it was one of the earliest maps of America, and the only 16th century map that shows South America in its proper longitudinal position in relation to Africa. The map is drawn on gazelle skin and was compiled in 1513 by Ottoman-Turkish military admiral and cartographer Piri Reis. The half of the map which survives shows the western coasts of Europe, North Africa, and the coast of Brazil. Various Atlantic islands, including the Azores and Canary Islands are shown, as is the mythical island of Antillia and possibly Japan.
The most puzzling aspect of the map is its depiction of Antarctica. According to the history books, the first confirmed sighting of Antarctica occurred in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Mikhail Lazarev and Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen. The Piri Reis map not only shows a land mass near present day Antarctica, but it depicts Antarctica’s topography as not being masked by ice and in great detail. It has been estimated that Antarctica has been covered with ice for around 6000 years.
Many people have raised the question, how could a Turksih admiral from half a millennium ago map a continent’s topography that has been covered with ice for thousands of years? Reports have been published claiming that the Ottoman Empire had knowledge of some form of ancient Ice Age civilization. However, these claims are generally considered to be pseudo-scholarship, and the scholarly opinion is that the region sometimes thought of as Antarctica is more likely Patagonia or the Terra Australis Incognita (Unknown Southern Land) widely believed to exist before the Southern Hemisphere was fully explored.
On the map, Piri Reis gives resource credit to a map drawn by Christopher Columbus, which has never been discovered. Geographers have spent several centuries unsuccessfully searching for a “lost map of Columbus” that was supposedly drawn while he was in the West Indies. After the discovery of the Piri Reis map, an unsuccessful investigation was launched to find the lost Columbus source map. The historical importance of the Piri Reis map lies in its demonstration of the extent of Portuguese knowledge of the New World in 1510. The Piri Reis map is currently located in the Library of the Topkap Palace in Istanbul, Turkey, but is not currently on display to the public.
FINGERPRINTS OF THE GOD'S
1.) The Piri Reis Map, which is a genuine document, not a hoax of any kind, was made at Constantinople in AD 1513.
2.) It focuses on the western coast of Africa, the eastern coast of South America and the northern coast of Antartica.
3.) Piri Reis could not have acquired his information on this latter region from contemporary explorers because Antartica remained undiscovered until AD 1818, more then 300 years AFTER he drew the map.
4.) The ice-free coast of Queen Maud Land shown in the map is a colossal puzzle because the geological evidence confirms that the latest date it could have been surveyed and charted in an ice-free condition is 4000 BC.
5.) It is not possible to pinpoint the earliest date that such a task could have been accomplished, but it seems that the Queen Maud Land littoral may have remained in a stable, unglaciated condition for at least 9000 years before the spreading ice-cap swallowed it entirely.
6.) There is no civilization known to history that had the capacity or need to survey that coastline in the relevant period: between 13,000 BC and 4,000 BC.
The Piri Reis Map seems to contain surprising collateral evidence in support of the thesis of a geologically recent glaciation of parts of Antarctica following a sudden southward displacement of the earth''s crust. Moreover since such a map could only have been drawn prior to 4000 BC, its implications for the history of human civilization are staggering. Prior to 4000 BC there are supposed to have been no civilzations at all.
1) Civilization first developed in the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East.
2.) This development began after 4000 BC< and culminated in emergence of the earliest true civilizations (Sumer and Egypt) around 3000 BC, soon followed by the Indus Valley and China.
3.) About 1500 years later, civilizations took off spontaneously and independently in the Americas.
4.) Since 3000 BC in the Old World and about 1500 BC in the New) civilization has steadily 'evolved' in the direction of ever more refined, complex and productive forms.
5.) In consequence, and particularly by comparison with ourselves, all ancient civilizations (and all their works) are to be understood as essentially primitive (the Sumerian astronomers regarded the heavens with unscientific awe, and even the pyramids of Egypt were built by 'technological primitives') The evidence of the Piri Reis Map appears to contradict all of this.