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turbonium

Apollo - Video Anomalies?

232 posts in this topic

Well, I'd like to continue the discussion on the Apollo hoax issue. Let's be sure to stick to the issues and show respect for the opinions of others.

This was my last post about the Apollo 12 video clip that I believe shows some peculiar anomalies. MID's post is followed by my reply...

(MID @ Sep 23 2006, 10:33 AM) *

We are looking at individual frames of a moving TV camera on Apollo 12. Al Bean was removing the camera from its MESA stowed position. The camera was for a time, variously pointed at the LM, and the gold foil is obvious in the frames.

Note the area of the LM in the circular camera reflection of light. It's directly above the American flag, and shows the right forward RCS quad(#4), and its plume deflector assembly.

Now, just to the right of that, you will note where the struts from the deflector assembly meet at a darked object, this object being at the top of a vertical member which is covered in gold foil. Note very carefully the pattern of the struts as they converge in this area, which is to the left of the left handrail of the porch, where Al is kneeling at this moment.

Compare it to the video frame. Stack the images together, so you can compare them.

I think you'll see that this structure of the LM is exactly what you're seeing in this video frame. Al had the camera pointed up for a moment and this area was what the camera was seeing, albeit briefly.

It is not a chair, there is no TV monitor, and there's certainly no one sitting there in a red shirt.

What you're looking at here is simply a very brief image of the #4 plume deflector strut attachment points.

Regards.

Hi, MID.

Yep, this is an all too familiar issue we're covering here! user posted image

But I think we can go into specific points we haven't covered....

I have taken up on your suggestion, and compared the area of the LM you highlighted to the video stills. The first sequence below is for location reference of the "struts" (as you claim) as the camera is panned to the "chair" (as I claim).

user posted image

Please note that although the lines may appear to be straight in the last image of the three, they are actually curved or "relaxed" along their length.

Now I've put one of the stills from above beside the image of the LM section that you posted....

user posted image

Your image shows that the lines of the LM struts are completely straight! The curved lines from the video clip can be seen in several other stills, such as the two below....

user posted image

So, since the white lines seen in the video clip are definitely curved, IMO they simply cannot be LM struts, which are rigidly straight.

Cheers.

Edited by turbonium

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Is the curved line a reflection? I'm not sure what i'm looking at.

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Hi Turbs,

I'm pretty sure what Aquatus meant with his last post that he didn't want a generalised thread, he will confirm this I assume but perhaps you should start another one just about this particular topic :)

Gav

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Hi Turbs,

I'm pretty sure what Aquatus meant with his last post that he didn't want a generalised thread, he will confirm this I assume but perhaps you should start another one just about this particular topic :)

Gav

Agreed Gavsto. The new approach is to allow multiple threads which will each be kept to single issues of the hoax. This will (it is hoped) allow each thread to remain on topic and not degenerate as the last one did. For example if someone wants to adress the issue of radiation then photographic anomalies will be considered off topic. This will make it easier for both sides in the debate and (hopefully) easier to moderate.

What this does not mean is that the cut, paste, post and run tactics are to return.

I have altered the title to reflect this. If the title doesn't meet your approval turbonium, give me or one of the other moderators a PM and we'll change it.

Waspie_Dwarf

Edited by Waspie_Dwarf

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A simple question turbonium, do you know what sort of lens the video camera was using?

The reason I ask is that a wide angle lens, especially a fish-eye, will make straight lines look curved in exactly the way that your video stills show.

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Turbs,

This is a screenshot you posted before of the video, and the lines look straight in this frame:

user posted image

PS: Is there a possibility you could link to the video again in the first post! :)

Ta, Gav

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Is the curved line a reflection? I'm not sure what i'm looking at.

It's not a reflection, I don't believe. It appears to be a very real object, or more precisely, part of a larger assembly. What is it? (or what are they?) - it's one of the anomalies I'm putting up for debate here.

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A simple question turbonium, do you know what sort of lens the video camera was using?

The reason I ask is that a wide angle lens, especially a fish-eye, will make straight lines look curved in exactly the way that your video stills show.

First - the thread title is fine, Waspie.

As for the lens - the documentation is here...

http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/WEC-ColorTV-Manual.pdf

Page 15 has the specs for the mount lens and the zoom lens. The camera is Westinghouse P/N SEB 16101081-701, ans the lens itself is P/N SEB 16101081-703. There is no fish-eye lens included in the Color TV camera accessories, from what I can see in the specs.

Also, there are straight, or linear, objects seen elsewhere in this and other video clips from Apollo 12. And I've not seen any examples of such distortion elsewhere in the clips. So I don't believe distortions such as curvilinear images (or part of an image) would occur.

Edited by turbonium

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Turbs,

This is a screenshot you posted before of the video, and the lines look straight in this frame:

user posted image

PS: Is there a possibility you could link to the video again in the first post! :)

Ta, Gav

Sure, Gav. Here's the video clip link...

http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a12/a12v.1155619.rm

And yes, as I had mentioned in my first post here, the third image appears to have straight lines. But that's only because the entire line is not seen - only a small section (the end of the line) is visible in that image. The other images show that the line(s) are actually curved along their full length.

Cheers

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I really think that the image curving is an effect caused by the nature of the lens. Zoom lenses, especially early ones are notorious for curvilinear distortion, which has the effect of rendering straight lines as curves. This effect is most pronounced when a zoom lens is at its widest setting.

Evidence of this phemonena can be seen earlier in the video:

user posted image

This still shows Al Bean walking past the landing leg ladder strut, which has a pronounced curve.

As we can see in this earlier photo of Al descending, the ladder is quite straight:

AS12-46-6728

user posted image

Note the camera below the flag pointing at the strut.

Turboniun, I think that we can safely say that the curved lines that we see in the video are caused by the same phenomenon, and that they are actually straight.

Edited by AtomicDog

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The photo you've posted indeed shows straight lines appearing to be curved lines - for all the straight lines...

user posted image

But the only curved lines below are the top white lines - not the bottom edge of the black material....

user posted image

If the curve in the two images above was a distortion effect, it would make all the straight lines appear to curve. Note how this discrepancy is very apparent in image two. Also, note the bright whitish exactly vertical straight line at the end of the material in image one. It's directly perpendicular to the straight bottom edge of the black material.

Distortion effects such as this are not particular or selective as to what objects or lines they appear to "bend" - of which your photo is a prime example. They won't leave some lines remaining to appear straight, while curving others. Which is why I believe we can firmly conclude that camera/lens distortion is not the reason for the curved lines in my images.

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The photo you've posted indeed shows straight lines appearing to be curved lines - for all the straight lines...

user posted image

But the only curved lines below are the top white lines - not the bottom edge of the black material....

user posted image

If the curve in the two images above was a distortion effect, it would make all the straight lines appear to curve. Note how this discrepancy is very apparent in image two. Also, note the bright whitish exactly vertical straight line at the end of the material in image one. It's directly perpendicular to the straight bottom edge of the black material.

Distortion effects such as this are not particular or selective as to what objects or lines they appear to "bend" - of which your photo is a prime example. They won't leave some lines remaining to appear straight, while curving others. Which is why I believe we can firmly conclude that camera/lens distortion is not the reason for the curved lines in my images.

Curvilinear distortion most certainly does leave some lines straight:

Article on curvilinear distortion

user posted image

Notice that the lines going through the center are straight.

Besides, when you look at the video you see that the curvature of the lines changes as the camera moves. This is because the distortion changes as the lines get near the edges of the lens, where the effect is more pronounced.

Curvilinear distortion accounts for all of the curves you see in the video, and allows some lines to be straight.

Besides, the ladder is straight, and in the video it is curved. My explanation accounts for that. How does yours?

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turbonium .... I have watched the video clip that you are discussing here several times now , and I found what looks like a flesh colored arm in a black t-shirt moving about , earlier in the clip ... I can't remember exactly at what point this strange looking anomaly appears , but I think it shows up between 1:17 to 1:29 into it ..... Have you ever noticed this before ?

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Curvilinear distortion most certainly does leave some lines straight:

Article on curvilinear distortion

user posted image

Notice that the lines going through the center are straight.

Besides, when you look at the video you see that the curvature of the lines changes as the camera moves. This is because the distortion changes as the lines get near the edges of the lens, where the effect is more pronounced.

Curvilinear distortion accounts for all of the curves you see in the video, and allows some lines to be straight.

Besides, the ladder is straight, and in the video it is curved. My explanation accounts for that. How does yours?

Your link describes the grids posted above as follows: the left grid is undistorted, the middle grid is barrel distortion, and the right grid is pincushion distortion. As you said, the distortion effect increases from the center area of the image to the outer areas of the image.

Look at the image sequence below. The degree of curving visible does not correlate to the position of the lines in the images. We can see that from images 2 through 6, as the upper white lines become positioned towards the center of the image, they do not appear to get "straighter" - in fact, they appear to increase in curvature. The reason for that is because more of the entire length of the lines comes into view, which shows the lines are indeed curved when they are seen along their entire length!

Now compare image 11 to image 10. Only a small section of a white line is visible at the top of image 11 - and it is quite straight. In image 10, the white lines are much closer to the image center than the line in image 11. If curvilinear distortion was present, it would make the lines appear to be at least as straight, and likely even straighter, compared to the line in image 11. But they definitely have greater curvature. I think the case for curvilinear distortion can be permanently closed.

user posted image

user posted image

user posted image

user posted image

user posted image

One thing I should add: my main assertion is that the white line seen closest in front - from images 5 through 13 - is attached to the top of a black shade that is moved up and down by two people below it. As the shade is pulled up and down, I think this may also play a part in whether the white line on top appears to have greater or lesser curvature.

Here is the image sequence from above - animated....

user posted image

As for your ladder in photos and video, I already agreed that this was a prime example of curvilinear distortion. Despite the fact that my images do not, I would certainly like to have some stills for comparison. But unfortunately, I don't think any stills of this area are readily available - I have this funny feeling that if NASA actually does have any in its possession, they won't be publishing them anytime soon!

Edited by turbonium

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the apollo hoax has endured far too long and is an ominous testament to the level of mind control the elite have over their cattle-- i commend you turbo for continuing the struggle to wake the intellectuals to the reality of their nievity-- the clip turbo has been analyzing for some time now is imo concrete evidence of the hoax-- as the camera is knocked from its stand it falls and in the struggle to correct the blunder a black curtain can be seen to be accidentally raised exposing at least two individuals hiding behind it trying to pull it back down-- watch the jumble in slow mo and it is there in plain site --keep up your awesome relentless onslaught in the infowar :tu::tu:

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turbonium .... I have watched the video clip that you are discussing here several times now , and I found what looks like a flesh colored arm in a black t-shirt moving about , earlier in the clip ... I can't remember exactly at what point this strange looking anomaly appears , but I think it shows up between 1:17 to 1:29 into it ..... Have you ever noticed this before ?

Yep, I actually first brought it up here about 1 or 2 years ago. There are actually three separate segments which show what looks to me like a bare arm, and these are two animated examples: The first one happens very quickly, at about 1:55-1:56....

user posted image

Then (the one I like best), happens at about 2:11-2:12.....

user posted image

The single best image from the video is this one....

user posted image

The basic pro-Apollo claim for the image above is that this is the cover for the S-band antenna, shown below...

user posted image

The DVD edition of Apollo 12 came out last year, and after a little "magic" in the editing room, the arm came out looking like this....

user posted image

YUCK! user posted image

Anyway, to make a long story even longer, the pro-Apollo crowd has since insisted and that the DVD version of this segment is much sharper, clearer, and basically vastly superior in every way!....Let's just say I beg to differ.

Well, I do have to admit that the DVD "arm" is at least closer in resemblance to the S-band antenna cover. I honestly believe they deliberately did a number on this section of the video - that they effectively smudged the knuckles together, washed out the warm and authentic flesh tones, added a "herringbone"-type of pixelization that obscured the elbow details, and gave it an overall blur for a nice finishing touch. Anyway....

This image is, IMO, most definitely shows someone's bare right arm. The flesh tones, the knuckles, etc. are quite evident.....

user posted image

And - a very critical point - the first image below shows the relative size of the arm, which then (in the second image) comes up..up..just high enough to show the entire distal section (forearm) from the top of the knuckles down to and beyond the end of the bent elbow joint. The proximal section (biceps) of the arm is seen going off to the left and out of view.

That, to me, is the clincher that shows this is not the antenna cover. The cover, aside from being huge in comparison, the wrong color, etc., does not have this physical characteristic.

user posted image

Edited by turbonium

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Here is the image sequence from above - animated....

user posted image

To me, it looks like a clockwise pan of this area:

user posted image

from this photo:

user posted image

Taken when the astronauts were removing the camera from the MESA.

user posted image

user posted image

The so-called shade is the bottom of the black painted area, and your "technicians" is the gold mylar underneath.

Curved or not, everything in your animation matches my cropped section underneath.

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the apollo hoax has endured far too long and is an ominous testament to the level of mind control the elite have over their cattle-- i commend you turbo for continuing the struggle to wake the intellectuals to the reality of their nievity-- the clip turbo has been analyzing for some time now is imo concrete evidence of the hoax-- as the camera is knocked from its stand it falls and in the struggle to correct the blunder a black curtain can be seen to be accidentally raised exposing at least two individuals hiding behind it trying to pull it back down-- watch the jumble in slow mo and it is there in plain site --keep up your awesome relentless onslaught in the infowar :tu::tu:

Hey, Sun

Thanks for the support. I won't disparage the pro-Apollo people here, however - several of whom make well thought out, reasonable arguments. It's a lot more refreshing than a reply that doesn't address the actual issues, but often goes something like "We went to the Moon, so why don't you stop insulting the astronauts? user posted image"

The "angry face" usually accompanies this type of post user posted image

Cheers

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This image is, IMO, most definitely shows someone's bare right arm. The flesh tones, the knuckles, etc. are quite evident.....

user posted image

interesting i have never seen this particular frame-- imo this frame shows not only the right arm of an individual working rope like a yatchsman but the left hand can be seen as well --

on the moon :w00t::w00t:

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To me, it looks like a clockwise pan of this area:

user posted image

from this photo:

user posted image

Taken when the astronauts were removing the camera from the MESA.

The so-called shade is the bottom of the black painted area, and your "technicians" is the gold mylar underneath.

Curved or not, everything in your animation matches my cropped section underneath.

Wait a minute - "Curved or not"? Is that "sort of" an admission that the curves are not due to curvilinear distortion and actually are curved? If so, they cannot be the LM struts.

Do the images from the video clip really match the LM struts (except for being curved)?

I see many more white lines going off in many more directions in the video image than the LM struts...

user posted image

And there is no gold color underneath the shade - blue-green, white and flesh tones, yes - but where is the gold if it's really gold mylar?

user posted image

Edited by turbonium

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Hey, Sun

Thanks for the support.

Sun and Turbo. :lol:

You guys are like the Laurel and Hardy of the conspiracy "movies".

Seriously though, I have never seen that "Curved or not" arguement before, good one,however I think they are straight lines just appearing to be curved.

Edited by hazzard

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Hi Turbs,

What exactly are you suggesting we are seeing here then? Originally it was arms and a head, what are you suggesting now? Do you believe it's coincidence that what you believe to be the arms and head etc look more or less exactly like the bits that have been pointed out? It just feels we're arguing about why there is a dimple on an orange when the entire fruit bowl is all apples!

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Possible photgraphic explanations for straight elements looking curved:

distortion due to wide-angle lens

movement of either object or camera during exposure

Edited by flyingswan

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Wait a minute - "Curved or not"? Is that "sort of" an admission that the curves are not due to curvilinear distortion and actually are curved? If so, they cannot be the LM struts.

Do the images from the video clip really match the LM struts (except for being curved)?

I see many more white lines going off in many more directions in the video image than the LM struts...

user posted image

And there is no gold color underneath the shade - blue-green, white and flesh tones, yes - but where is the gold if it's really gold mylar?

user posted image

My apologies. By saying "Curved or not" I meant that I admit to the fact that the lines in your images are curved. I would be a fool to deny it; the image is right there in front of me.

What I am contending is that the video and the stills from it is a representation of the reality of the scene, just like the the photograph and the portion I have cut from it is also representative of the reality of the scene, and as a matter of fact they are of the same scene.

You have previously admitted to the fact that the Apollo camera produces curvilinear distortion, so we have established that such distortion is a factor in what we see. Now we can go on to explain the other curved lines.

They are an artifact of the nature of the video camera. The Apollo 12 color camera is a slow scan camera, and one of its effects is to render straight lines as curved whenever there is movement. The camera takes a picture of each scene three times, through a red, blue and green filter and combines these scenes into a full color frame. This procedure causes the effect of breaking up objects photographed whenever there is movement of the camera or subject, as can be seen here: (last frame on right)

user posted image

and here:

user posted image

Unless you are also contending that the lines are actually rainbowed.

This just leaves the gold mylar, which you say shows blue, green, white and flesh tones.

They do.

The colors are also rainbow smearing which is a video artifact caused by camera movement

user posted image

During camera movement, the red, blue and green frames are taken out of register, and this causes them to fall out of place from they were originally, and will do so until the movement stops. This would cause you to see patches of, say blue or green to be seen against a darker background, or red and green combining to give something near a flesh tone.

user posted image

About the number of struts: you do recall that the video and the hasselblad photos were taken from different locations at different angles? The video was shot while the astronaut was removing the camera from the MESA, amd thus was shot very near the LM looking up at the struts, amd the 'blad photo was further away from the LM, pointing at the struts at a much shallower angle.

I feel that these differences account for the discrepreancies between the two photos. I can especially see the curved line of the bottom of the thrust deflector attached to the place where the four struts meet in my photo becoming the two lines going off the top and the left in your photo.

Your question marked area? Could be an edge on view of the rectangular hull section to the left in mine.

I see that you have had this same discussion in another forum:

ApolloHoax discussion on video anomalies

But they did not seem to be able to convince you on the nature of the images, either. Since they have said everything I have to say on the subject, I don't know what I can add that can convince you that the "anomalies" are what I believe they are - easily understood video effects of an ordinary subject in an extraordinary place.

Edited by AtomicDog

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During camera movement, the red, blue and green frames are taken out of register, and this causes them to fall out of place from they were originally, and will do so until the movement stops. This would cause you to see patches of, say blue or green to be seen against a darker background, or red and green combining to give something near a flesh tone.

Even if this were the case, it would not explain the combination of colors and shapes. That is, in order to make your theory plausible, an incredible set of conditions need to be met..

1. In every frame purporting to show the gold mylar of the LM, not even one shows gold color. Despite the fact that the single most noticeable identifying feature of the LM is the very reflective gold mylar. Despite the fact that absolutely every single video clip that shows the LM, from every Apollo mission using the color TV video camera on the Moon, shows the very reflective, very gold mylar - except this one video clip. Even the only Apollo 12 video clip showing the LM - reflected in an astronaut's visor - with the gold mylar indeed gold in color. The same color video camera was used on Apollo 14, 15, 16 and 17. Each of them filmed the LM, and they never once failed to capture the reflective gold mylar...

user posted image

2. In this, the only film clip in the entire Apollo video library that shows a complete absence of reflective gold in the mylar, the camera itself creates colors such as blue-green, white and flesh tones.

3. The camera creates shapes that appear to be human figures.

4. Each of the colors created by the camera appear in the exactly correct places on the human shapes it also created. The flesh tones only appear exactly where hand shapes and face shapes were created. The blue-green and white only appear exactly where the upper torso shapes and arm shapes were created. The odds of this combination occurring are so unbelievably small that it virtually defies all logic and reason.

user posted image

I see that you have had this same discussion in another forum:

But they did not seem to be able to convince you on the nature of the images, either. Since they have said everything I have to say on the subject, I don't know what I can add that can convince you that the "anomalies" are what I believe they are - easily understood video effects of an ordinary subject in an extraordinary place.

"Easily understood" when one considers the factors I've listed above? I couldn't disagree more. Also consider....

The below image is also claimed to be gold mylar of the LM. I see a very three-dimensional chair, facing towards a very three-dimensional black TV monitor, and what appears to be a person in a red shirt sitting just beyond, positioned in the same orientation as the chair.

user posted image

So this same video clip is not only able to create the illusion of people mentioned earlier, but also can create an illusion of incredible depth, including a three dimensional chair shape and three-dimensional monitor shape. No other Apollo image, no other Apollo video clip, from any Apollo mission, was able to create such an illusion - a better three dimensional effect than even today's holograms.

Movement

Another point of contention is whether or not there is movement by the subject(s) being filmed, or whether camera movement alone accounts for what we see.

I contend that the black shade is being pulled up/down by people below the shade. To prove that, we need to establish some points of reference. In the first sequence below, I've noted two such points - the metal (or whitish) end of the shade, a white object below it, and the length between them. Image 4 clearly establishes that there is a white object resting upon a surface. Images 2 and 3 establish that the distance from the center of the white object to the metal end of the shade is about 4.4 to 4.6 cm (scaled in the image only for reference comparison).

user posted image

The sequence below compares the different heights of the shade by measuring the bottom edge of the shade to the surface the white object is resting on. Image 2 shows the height to be about 1.1 cm, while the shade height in image 3 is about 3.2 cm, or mearly three times higher than image 2.

user posted image

I am convinced that this can only be due to the shade itself being moved up/down. This can be considered in the overall context of my argument - that there are rope loops being pulled down by a bearded man to lower a black shade.

The argument for gold mylar is extremely weak, IMO. There is much more evidence that this is actually an Earth-bound studio set.

Edited by turbonium

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