Wednesday, May 25, 2016
Contact us    |    Advertise    |   Help   RSS icon Twitter icon Facebook icon
    Home  ·  News  ·  Forum  ·  Stories  ·  Image Gallery  ·  Columns  ·  Encyclopedia  ·  Videos
Find: in

What makes us different to Neanderthals ?


Posted on Friday, 20 December, 2013 | Comment icon 11 comments

A reconstruction of a Neanderthal face. Image Credit: CC BY-SA 2.0 Tim Evanson
Scientists have come up with a list of the genes that distinguish us from our prehistoric cousins.
Humans may be the dominant species on the planet today, but thousands of years ago our ancestors shared the Earth with the Neanderthals, a species very similar to modern humans but that would ultimately die out despite being very close to us both physically and intellectually.

In an effort to learn more about what set us apart, scientists have been identifying specific genes that distinguish modern humans from Neanderthals. In particular, researchers have been keen to learn which changes might have been instrumental in enabling our dominance over the planet.

The research was made possible thanks to a project founded in 2006 that aimed to sequence the entire Neanderthal genome. The team managed to do this by extracting DNA from a 50,000-year-old Neanderthal toe bone discovered in the mountains of Siberia.

"We are quite confident that among these genetic changes lie the basis for the interesting differences between modern humans and Neanderthals," said geneticist Janet Kelso.

Source: The Guardian | Comments (11)

Tags: Neanderthal


 
Recent comments on this story
Comment icon #2 Posted by highdesert50 on 20 December, 2013, 16:23
These genetic exchanges were likely a positive event in evolutionary history as there was likely a high degree of parental consanguinity, or inbreeding, and subsequently higher prevalence of mental retardation and metabolic defects in the smaller more isolated tribes.
Comment icon #3 Posted by freetoroam on 20 December, 2013, 17:18
HUH! I have met many a Neanderthal man in my time! Ok the features may have changed, but inside they are still wearing the same genes.
Comment icon #4 Posted by moonshadow60 on 20 December, 2013, 18:56
Looks pretty normal to me, a rugged he-man type.
Comment icon #5 Posted by Xynoplas on 20 December, 2013, 19:51
Probably an adaptation to Ice-Age conditions, mostly.
Comment icon #6 Posted by Sundew on 20 December, 2013, 20:09
I hear some are doing quite well in Congress.
Comment icon #7 Posted by calaf on 20 December, 2013, 23:15
By their own account.
Comment icon #8 Posted by ShadowSot on 20 December, 2013, 23:27
Don't insult Neanderthals so.
Comment icon #9 Posted by Sundew on 21 December, 2013, 1:06
My bad.
Comment icon #10 Posted by Azznerak the Black on 21 December, 2013, 2:03
Go to a grocery store on the 1st of the month and try to tell me that Neanderthals went extinct...


Please Login or Register to post a comment.


  On the forums
Neanderthal-built stone rings found in cave
5-25-2016
Remarkable prehistoric structures made from stalagmites have been discovered inside a cave in France.
'Human dog' appears in daytime TV interview
5-25-2016
Sound technician Tom Peters likes nothing more than to dress up in a latex costume and act like a dog.
Woman stalked by swarm of bees for 24 hours
5-25-2016
Carol Howarth was shocked to discover that a swarm of 20,000 bees had followed her car all the way home.
Australian town is invaded by 100,000 bats
5-24-2016
Batemans Bay in New South Wales has become so overrun that a state of emergency has been declared.
Featured Videos
Gallery icon 
What happened before the Big Bang ?
Posted 5-22-2016 | 4 comments
Is it possible to find out what took place before our universe came in to existence ?
 
Prehistoric creatures that still exist
Posted 5-21-2016 | 1 comment
A look at some remarkable animal species that have survived for millions of years.
 
Why do we have 10 fingers and 10 toes ?
Posted 5-20-2016 | 2 comments
What is the reason that we happen to have exactly 10 fingers and toes ? Why that number ?
 
Talking tapes
Posted 5-19-2016 | 1 comment
Tim demonstrates a unique form of audio recording which uses ridged strips of plastic.
 
Building a popcorn machine
Posted 5-18-2016 | 1 comment
Adam Savage and Simone Giertz build a novel hands-free device for eating popcorn.
 
 View: More videos
Stories & Experiences
Not in our jurisdiction
5-2-2016 | California, United States
 
Zippers and headlights
5-2-2016 | Raleigh, United States
 
Spinning, voiceless and breathless
5-2-2016 | Garland, Texas
 
Paralyzed
4-15-2016 | United States
 
The mysterious awakening
4-6-2016 | Los Angeles, California
 
Chocolate fairy? Really?
4-6-2016 | United Kingdom
 
Christmas Day haunting
4-6-2016 | London, UK
 
The funeral director
3-30-2016 | Hebburn, England
 
A strange sighting in Spain
3-30-2016 | Albatera, Spain
 
Dust patterns on basement floor
3-27-2016 | Smithville, Texas
 

         More stories | Send us your story
 
Top   |  Home   |   Forum   |   News   |   Image Gallery   |  Columns   |   Encyclopedia   |   Videos   |   Polls
UM-X 10.7 Unexplained-Mysteries.com 2001-2015
Privacy Policy and Disclaimer   |   Cookies   |   Advertise   |   Contact   |   Help/FAQ