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NASA studies underwater 'white smoker' vents

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I am going to try this joke one more time. Catholics please pay attention.  Uh hem.  


The white smoke from the vents, means the underworld has elected a new pope.  

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Manwon Lender
On 4/17/2020 at 11:30 PM, UM-Bot said:

Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor can teach us about possible habitats on other worlds.


This one of the most interesting subjects that most of the Population as no idea about. This is single most important process that ever discovered that is the most likely place that life on our planet originated from. These vents expel Hydrogen sulfide is a poison gas that’s lethal for humans even in very low concentrations. Yet, this compound — two parts hydrogen, one part sulfur — turned out to be the food source for bacteria that drive an entirely new ecosystem. (New to usat least. Some scientists suspect this type of ecosystem might, in fact, be the oldest on our planet.)

Chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of carbon molecules and nutrients into organic matter — the stuff of life. Whereas photosynthesis uses energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide into that organic matter, giving off oxygen as a byproduct, chemosynthesis uses inorganic molecules (such as hydrogen sulfide) or methane and combines them with an oxygen source (in this case seawater) to create simple sugars.

But how could such an alien process — fundamentally different from the basis for the vast majority of all life on Earth — exist here? Enter Günter Wächtershäuser. A German chemist turned patent lawyer who specializes in chemical and biochemical inventions, Wächtershäuser (pronounced VEK-terz-hoi-zer) first proposed in 1988 that a similar chemosynthetic process to the one observed on the Galapagos Hydrothermal Vent Expedition had been around on Earth for a very long time.

Earth would have only recently cooled down enough to bear a solid crust, and intense volcanism and geological upheaval would have created a toxic atmosphere almost completely devoid of oxygen. With no ozone layer, the planet would be drenched with massive doses of ultraviolet light and radiation from the sun. Yet, it would have been in this literal hell on Earth that we would have seen (if we’d remembered to take a microscope with us) the first life forms start to appear. 

His origin-of-life premise is called the Iron-Sulfur World Theory. It posits that hot, pressurized water mixed with dissolved gases (including hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide and ammonia) passed out of prehistoric vents and over various minerals containing iron, nickel and other metals within the rocks around the vents.[Gallery: Creatures of Deep-Sea Vents] These metals served as catalysts for a chain reaction that synthesized organic compounds and coupled some of them with other metals to form new compounds with greater ability to yield new chemical reactions.This coupling between the catalyst and the product of an organic reaction is the key first step of Wächtershäuser’s theory.

What comes next is the miracle of evolution. Starting with these metals and gases reacting together as life emerged, Wächtershäuser says evolution starts with the beginning of a primitive metabolism that created increasingly complex chemical reactions, eventually leading over time to the formation of DNA — life’s blueprints for making more living cells today. Before living cells were around, these metals and gases reacted together in a purely chemical sense, according to predetermined “pathways.” There were only so many compounds around back then and only so many ways these could react together to form the building blocks of like on our Planet. 

The above information was taken from the links I am providing below, if you have interest in this subject the article below will give the basic ground work to find some of the important answers you are looking for:  https://www.space.com/19439-origin-life-earth-hydrothermal-vents.html 




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Jon the frog
On 5/31/2020 at 9:02 PM, micahc said:

I am going to try this joke one more time. Catholics please pay attention.  Uh hem.  


The white smoke from the vents, means the underworld has elected a new pope.  

Morlocks are happy with the result !

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