Jump to content
Join the Unexplained Mysteries community today! It's free and setting up an account only takes a moment.
- Sign In or Create Account -
Sign in to follow this  
Still Waters

New 13-million-yr-old fossil ape discovered

Recommended Posts

Still Waters

A new genus and species of small-bodied fossil ape that lived during the Middle Miocene epoch has been identified from a fossilized tooth found in Ramnagar, India. The discovery fills temporal, morphological, and biogeographic gaps in hominoid evolution and provides new evidence about when the ancestors of modern gibbons migrated to Asia from Africa.

Named Kapi ramnagarensis, the new primate species lived approximately 12.5-13.8 million years ago (Middle Miocene epoch) and was distinct from all other known fossil apes.

Its complete lower molar was collected in 2015 from the Lower Siwaliks of Ramnagar in Jammu and Kashmir, India.

It represents the first new hominoid species discovered at the Ramnagar site in nearly a century and the first new Siwalik ape species in more than three decades.

http://www.sci-news.com/paleontology/kapi-ramnagarensis-08831.html

https://phys.org/news/2020-09-fossil-ape-india.html

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2020.1655

  • Like 4

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
 
Jon the frog

Interesting, but just one molar...damn that's not a lot !

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Kleng

More than they had before!

 

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
psyche101
13 hours ago, Jon the frog said:

Interesting, but just one molar...damn that's not a lot !

It's how the Denisovian's started. And Gigantopithicus. 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Imaginarynumber1
14 hours ago, Jon the frog said:

Interesting, but just one molar...damn that's not a lot !

A molar is the best tooth to have. From it you can infer geographical distribution, diet, social system, and even general locomotion. 

Edited by Imaginarynumber1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Peter B
1 hour ago, Imaginarynumber1 said:

A molar is the best tooth to have. From it you can infer geographical distribution, diet, social system, and even general locomotion. 

Do you mind explaining how?

Not doubting, just curious.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Imaginarynumber1
1 hour ago, Peter B said:

Do you mind explaining how?

Not doubting, just curious.

Molar cusp pattern will right away tell you if it is a monkey or an ape. Monkeys have 4 cusps while apes have 5 (Known as Y-5 because the cusps form a Y pattern.) 

So a Y-5 means it's a catarrhine (old world primate) and an ape and not a playtrrhine (New wolrd monkey) (Primates have ancestors in the Americas, bu they were neither apes nor monkeys yet. Mainly Omomyoids)

Morphology shows that this tooth is consistent with stem hylobatids (gibbon genus) and therefore is likely to share similar dietary features as extant Gibbons based on area and past environment. Food resources dictate primate social systems,which dictate sexual reproduction. 

 

  • Like 3
  • Thanks 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Peter B
20 hours ago, Imaginarynumber1 said:

Molar cusp pattern will right away tell you if it is a monkey or an ape. Monkeys have 4 cusps while apes have 5 (Known as Y-5 because the cusps form a Y pattern.) 

So a Y-5 means it's a catarrhine (old world primate) and an ape and not a playtrrhine (New wolrd monkey) (Primates have ancestors in the Americas, bu they were neither apes nor monkeys yet. Mainly Omomyoids)

Morphology shows that this tooth is consistent with stem hylobatids (gibbon genus) and therefore is likely to share similar dietary features as extant Gibbons based on area and past environment. Food resources dictate primate social systems,which dictate sexual reproduction. 

 

Cool, thank you.

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Artaxerxes
On 9/12/2020 at 12:48 AM, Imaginarynumber1 said:

"Molar cusp pattern will right away tell you if it is a monkey or an ape. Monkeys have 4 cusps while apes have 5 (Known as Y-5 because the cusps form a Y pattern.) 

So a Y-5 means it's a catarrhine (old world primate) and an ape and not a playtrrhine (New wolrd monkey) (Primates have ancestors in the Americas, bu they were neither apes nor monkeys yet. Mainly Omomyoids)

Morphology shows that this tooth is consistent with stem hylobatids (gibbon genus) and therefore is likely to share similar dietary features as extant Gibbons based on area and past environment. Food resources dictate primate social systems,which dictate sexual reproduction."

Wow!  Great post!  Well done!   Thanks for sharing.  ....  Art

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now

  • Recently Browsing   0 members

    No registered users viewing this page.