Still Waters Posted March 24 #1 Share Posted March 24 (IP: Staff) · Stonehenge is an astonishingly complex monument, which attracts attention mostly for its spectacular megalithic circle and "horseshoe," built around 2600 BC. Over the years, several theories have been put forward about Stonehenge's meaning and function. Today, however, archaeologists have a rather clear picture of this monument as a "place for the ancestors," located within a complex ancient landscape which included several other elements. Archaeoastronomy has a key role in this interpretation since Stonehenge exhibits an astronomical alignment to the sun which, due to the flatness of the horizon, refers both to the summer solstice sunrise and to the winter solstice sunset. This accounts for a symbolic interest of the builders in the solar cycle, most probably related to the connections between the afterlife and winter solstice in Neolithic societies This is, of course, very far from saying that the monument was used as a giant calendrical device, as instead has been proposed in a new theory published in Antiquity. According to this theory, the monument represents a calendar based on 365 days per year divided into 12 months of 30 days plus five epagomenal days, with the addition of a leap year every four. https://phys.org/news/2023-03-stonehenge-calendar-shown-modern.html 3 Top Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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