One of the wonders of the ancient world, the gardens may have not actually been in Babylon at all.
For hundreds of the years the construction of the Hanging Gardens, a lavishly watered paradise, has been attributed to Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylonia. Despite extensive archaeological efforts to locate the site of the gardens however no trace of them has ever been found. A team from Germany spent 19 years excavating the most likely sites only to come up empty. "To their dismay, they could not find any possible location with enough space in the vicinity of the palaces, nor did they dig out any written confirmation from the many texts they unearthed," wrote researcher Stephanie Dalley.
Instead, Dalley believes that the gardens may not have been located in Babylon at all but that they were in fact the creation of the Assyrians who built them more than 300 miles away at Ninevah which is located in today's northern Iraq. Dalley has based these conclusions on new cuneiform inscription translations and evidence of sophisticated aqueducts and canals in the region.
"The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, weren’t in Babylon at all – but were instead located 300 miles to the north in Babylon’s greatest rival Nineveh, according to a leading Oxford-based historian."
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