There are many records of scientists being persecuted in a number of dispicable ways over the years.
As recently as the 1950s, computer scientist Alan Turing chose to be chemically-castrated rather than accept a jail sentence after admitting to homosexual acts. In the 16th century, Spanish physician Michael Servetus was tortured and burned at the stake for his ideas about reforming Christianity because they were considered heretical.
Famous astronomer Galileo Galilei was placed under house arrest until the end of his days for publishing evidence to support the idea that the Earth revolves around the sun. Even Albert Einstein found himself at the receiving end of persecution in the form of anti-semitism when the Nazis came to power in 1933, throwing him out of the prussian Academy of Science and burning all his books in public.
"Turing was famously chemically-castrated after admitting to homosexual acts in the 1950s."
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