Metaphysics & Psychology
'Unexpected outcomes' key to learning
By T.K. Randall
March 17, 2009 · 1 comment
Image Credit: sxc.hu
A team of psychologists and neuroscientists from the University of Pennsylvania have discovered that unexpected outcomes play a key role in the mind's ability to learn new behaviors.
The human brain’s sensitivity to unexpected outcomes plays a fundamental role in the ability to adapt and learn new behaviors, according to a new study by a team of psychologists and neuroscientists from the University of Pennsylvania. Using a computer-based card game and microelectrodes to observe neuronal activity of the brain, the Penn study, published March 13 in the journal Science, suggests that neurons in the human substantia nigra, or SN, play a central role in reward-based learning, modulating learning based on the discrepancy between the expected and the realized outcome."
Source: Science Daily
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