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Archaeology & History

Clay seals may prove existence of King David

By T.K. Randall
December 18, 2014 · Comment icon 13 comments

A 17th century depiction of King David. Image Credit: Pieter de Grebber
Six clay seals unearthed in Israel could prove that Kings David and Solomon actually existed.
For years scholars have dismissed these two biblical figures and their kingdoms as mythological, but now the discovery of six clay bullae, which were unearthed during a dig at Khirbet Summeily in Israel, has offered the first direct evidence that there was a ruler in the region during the 9th and 10th centuries BC.

Although the seals do not reference David or Solomon directly, their presence adds weight to the idea that there was a government and political system active at that time.
"Our preliminary results indicated that this site is integrated into a political entity that is typified by elite activities, suggesting that a state was already being formed in the 10th century BC," said Professor Jimmy Hardin who has been excavating the area for several years.

"We are very positive that these bullae are associated with the Iron Age IIA, which we date to the 10th century BC, and which lends general support to the historical veracity of David and Solomon as recorded in the Hebrew biblical texts."

Source: Mail Online | Comments (13)




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Comment icon #4 Posted by Sundew 10 years ago
The Tel Dan Stele also mentions the "kings of Israel" and may refer to "the House of David" although the translation of the phrase is disputed by some. Still many Biblical people groups, kings, battles, place names and so forth in Scripture that were once thought to be myth have later been discovered to be fact through some archeological finding, so the mention of David and Solomon would not be a huge surprise. The Dead Sea Scrolls authenticated an early timeline of certain books of the Bible thought to have been written much later, as I recall. After thousands of years, numerous wars and plun... [More]
Comment icon #5 Posted by qxcontinuum 10 years ago
I can't believe some people are still questioning the historic importance of the Bible. Bible isn't just a religious book first of all. Was historic and because of it's religious context its writers have been accurately documenting real events and personas.
Comment icon #6 Posted by questionmark 10 years ago
The Tel Dan Stele also mentions the "kings of Israel" and may refer to "the House of David" although the translation of the phrase is disputed by some. Still many Biblical people groups, kings, battles, place names and so forth in Scripture that were once thought to be myth have later been discovered to be fact through some archeological finding, so the mention of David and Solomon would not be a huge surprise. The Dead Sea Scrolls authenticated an early timeline of certain books of the Bible thought to have been written much later, as I recall. After thousands of years, numerous wars and plun... [More]
Comment icon #7 Posted by questionmark 10 years ago
The Tel Dan Stele also mentions the "kings of Israel" and may refer to "the House of David" although the translation of the phrase is disputed by some. Still many Biblical people groups, kings, battles, place names and so forth in Scripture that were once thought to be myth have later been discovered to be fact through some archeological finding, so the mention of David and Solomon would not be a huge surprise. The Dead Sea Scrolls authenticated an early timeline of certain books of the Bible thought to have been written much later, as I recall. After thousands of years, numerous wars and plun... [More]
Comment icon #8 Posted by JinxDeMynx 10 years ago
if pigs are real, I'm pretty sure this guy is.
Comment icon #9 Posted by Peter B 10 years ago
I can't believe some people are still questioning the historic importance of the Bible. Bible isn't just a religious book first of all. Was historic and because of it's religious context its writers have been accurately documenting real events and personas. Do these "real events and personas" include Moses? Abraham? Noah and the Great Flood? Methuselah and people living 900+ years? Adam and Eve? Unless you accept the absolute correctness of the entire Bible (as many Christians do) then there comes a point in time before which you have to say, "We have no independent evidence that these people ... [More]
Comment icon #10 Posted by davros of skaro 10 years ago
Here're two good docs for those interested. The Bible UnEarthed The Bible's Buried Secrets
Comment icon #11 Posted by Rafterman 10 years ago
This is wildly speculative - about par for the course for the Daily Mail, I must say. The 'bullae' are, as the article makes clear, official seals used to authenticate documents. While this is suggestive of a centralised authority (government) in the region, there is absolutely no evidence this government was an independent 'kingdom of Israel', but it may have been a vassal govt set up by any number of regional powers in that area who assumed control over the Levant at various times (i.e. Assyria, Egypt, etc). I'm very disappointed that any historical find in that region is lauded as 'confirmi... [More]
Comment icon #12 Posted by kmt_sesh 10 years ago
I would agree it's a stretch to proclaim this based on clay seals, but the article is brief and doesn't elaborate on why the proclamation is so confident. What exactly is written on the bullae, and is it a certainty that it's written in the archaic form of Hebrew and not in one of the other Northern Semitic dialects that were so similar to Hebrew? Bullae of this type, seen so often in sites from Mesopotamia and Iran, do indeed seem to indicate some form of socio-political development, but to what extent? It's only my opinion but I think it's premature to claim they derived from anything greate... [More]
Comment icon #13 Posted by kmt_sesh 10 years ago
... All of my christian Facebook friends in Mississippi were posting it, which completely explained why they drew the biblical connection in the press release - if you want something to get legs in Mississippi and among christians, simply tie it to the bible. We often get that sort of visitor in the Field Museum of Natural History here in Chicago. This museum is strictly about science, so the occasional ultra-Christian visitor is quite put off to discover we do not have an exhibit on creationism. I mean, really?


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