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Injured solider woke up to find that he could see the world in reverse

By T.K. Randall
May 23, 2023 · Comment icon 8 comments

Brain injuries can produce anomalous perception. Image Credit: Pixabay / blueberrykings111
The case of a Spanish soldier who survived after being shot during the civil war has intrigued experts for years.
The 25-year-old, who is referenced in records only as 'Patient M', was hospitalized after being shot in the head during the Spanish Civil War in 1938.

Incredibly, despite the fact that the bullet clearly passed straight through his head and out the other side, the soldier actually survived the ordeal, but what made the case particularly intriguing was the fact that, upon waking up, he found that everything was now backward.

According to neurologist Dr. Justo Gonzalo Rodríguez-Leal who documented the case at the time, Patient M had lost much of his eyesight and what little of it remained seemed to be in reverse, with people and objects appearing on the opposite side of his field of vision.
He could read numbers and letters both forward and backward, while perceiving things in duplicate or triplicate with colors sometimes appearing outside of the objects to which they belonged.

In one case, he described seeing men walking upside-down on a scaffolding, while in another he was able to read a newspaper with ease regardless of which way round it was.

He remained a subject of medical intrigue for many years and, despite the injury he sustained, lived for several decades until his death in the 1990s.

Source: Live Science | Comments (8)

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Recent comments on this story
Comment icon #1 Posted by Abramelin 11 months ago
It is just another proof we're only experiencing the world around us by what our brains make of it.  
Comment icon #2 Posted by spartan max2 11 months ago
Also interesting  
Comment icon #3 Posted by quiXilver 11 months ago
All perception is gamble.  ~Husserl   Perception is aproximation, estimation.  We do not perceive the world as it is, we perceive it as our systems interpret it. Perception is a model, a map for reality.  It is not a direct experience of reality.
Comment icon #4 Posted by Jon the frog 11 months ago
It's why beauty is in the eye of the beholder...
Comment icon #5 Posted by NCC1701 11 months ago
It looks like some nerve wires got dislocated by the injury and got rewired in the wrong way.
Comment icon #6 Posted by Amorlind 11 months ago
Well in fact all is related to the plasticity of our brain and the bypasses used by it to solve issues...amazing and best network in the world !
Comment icon #7 Posted by Nicolette 11 months ago
I always heard that this is the actual way things are but our brain flips our vision. I thought there were special glasses that people wore for the experiment which flipped your vision after a day or so. He should have been given invertoscopes he probably just lost the ability of process in the accident.
Comment icon #8 Posted by and-then 11 months ago
The picture of the location of the damage fits perfectly with where the visual cortex sits in the brain.  I first thought his optic chiasm was damaged but that's more centered and anteriorly situated.

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