Thursday, September 29, 2016
Contact us    |    Advertise    |   Help   RSS icon Twitter icon Facebook icon
    Home  ·  News  ·  Forum  ·  Stories  ·  Image Gallery  ·  Columns  ·  Encyclopedia  ·  Videos
Find: in

Why did Viking settlers leave Greenland ?


Posted on Monday, 14 January, 2013 | Comment icon 22 comments | News tip by: the L


Image credit: Jason Vanderhill

 
Viking settlements in Greenland persisted for over 500 years, so why did they decide to leave ?

It's a question that has puzzled researchers for years. For several centuries the descendants of the Vikings etched out a living in settlements across Greenland only to pack up and abandon the country at the end of the 15th century. Some believe that disease and starvation may have pushed the settlers in to returning to their ancestral homes, but research in to what they left behind has shown that they would have had plenty to eat, switching to hunting seals when the Medieval Warm Period had come to an end.

Instead it is now believed that economic issues and isolation may have been the deciding factors in their return to Scandinavia. Increasingly cut off from their ancestral homes and finding it more and more difficult to attract traders, circumstances would have eventually become sufficiently intolerable to make returning to their homelands the only viable option.

"For years, researchers have puzzled over why Viking descendents abandoned Greenland in the late 15th century."

  View: Full article |  Source: Spiegel.de

  Discuss: View comments (22)

   


 
Recent comments on this story
Comment icon #13 Posted by the L on 16 January, 2013, 5:59
Thats what this article said. Why did they switch to sea food? Also we often forget that they didnt want to adopt to new situation. Inuits survived. How come that Iniuts didnt abandoned Grenland? How come they survive? Vikings ruin themselves due their greed and social turmoil. Climate chaange just speed up things. It can be reason. Some historians like natural catastrophe as explaination why civilization fall. Such as drought. But reasons are ALWAYS complex. Vikings on Grenland didnt vanished due Atlantis scenario. Natural catastrophes are NEVER reason why one civilization fall. Climate just ... [More]
Comment icon #14 Posted by TheSearcher on 16 January, 2013, 10:56
How come that Iniuts didnt abandoned Grenland? How come they survive? Vikings ruin themselves due their greed and social turmoil. Climate chaange just speed up things. It can be reason. Some historians like natural catastrophe as explaination why civilization fall. Such as drought. But reasons are ALWAYS complex. Vikings on Grenland didnt vanished due Atlantis scenario. Natural catastrophes are NEVER reason why one civilization fall. Climate just push things. If they wanted to surivive,to adopt to new climate they would survive. But their greed ruin them before climate. Then they became relaxe... [More]
Comment icon #15 Posted by the L on 16 January, 2013, 11:28
Actually natural catastrophes can be the reason of the fall of a civilisation. For example, The Mycenaean conquest of the Minoans occurred in Late Minoan II period, not many years after the eruption of Thera, and many archaeologists speculate that the eruption induced a crisis in Minoan civilization, which allowed the Mycenaeans to conquer them easily. The Olmec decline is blamed on environmental changes caused by volcanic eruptions, earthquakes. You are trying to bring it all down to one cause, trying to simplify it way to much. Besides bringing it all down to greed and moral decline is a bit... [More]
Comment icon #16 Posted by DieChecker on 16 January, 2013, 20:23
Is it a myth that Greenland was named so that people that visited there would think that Iceland was even worse, and thus not be worth invading?
Comment icon #17 Posted by Swede on 17 January, 2013, 0:33
How come that Iniuts didnt abandoned Grenland? How come they survive? As you are aware, the "Inuits" were relative newcomers to Greenland (post-Scandinavian). However, bear in mind that the Thule Culture (antecedents of the Inuit), and also the antecedents of the Thule culture themselves, had a long history of adaptation to, and survival in, polar/sub-polar environments. These adaptations included the full array of culturally adapted mechanisms ranging from domestic accoutrements to survival skills to social structure. And they were quite well adapted to a diet and procurement strategy based u... [More]
Comment icon #18 Posted by woopypooky on 17 January, 2013, 12:08
they were terrorised by polar bears
Comment icon #19 Posted by Bavarian Raven on 17 January, 2013, 23:22
When they arrived on Grenland it was green. So Vikings start to harvest natural goods.Birds, fish, grass, wild life. Vikings start to enjoy. with that enjoyment they ruin envoirment. When they came they burn wood for pasture land. They start destroying nature plant life, ground erossion, cutting green lawn. Cut trees for building and fire. Trees coudnt regenerate because on that area livestock was walking. And Vikings cut them. Vikings felt strong,secured. About the erossion bit, the Norse settlers had surprisingly good farming techniques. Up until the last few decades, the soil in most of the... [More]
Comment icon #20 Posted by the L on 19 January, 2013, 20:56
Thus, they were, both technologically and culturally, in a qualified and experienced position to make advantageous use of the resource base that resulted from the climatic change which occurred during the time period under consideration. Inuits were parallel culture in Grenland. Vikings have had time to adopt. And more imprortantly they have role model. But their standards and ego didnt allow them. Greed and good life. They learn to harvest more then they actually need. They were not rational. They spent more then they could earn. Luxory ruined them. Climate just push their down fall. About th... [More]
Comment icon #21 Posted by Bavarian Raven on 19 January, 2013, 22:55
They were not rational they were very rational... hence, why the younger generations began to leave 'en mass to "warmer" regions when the climate began to worsen. and hence why the later generations had diets almost identical to the Inuit towards the end. But when the youngsters are leaving faster then they are being produced, a city/colony/region is doomed...
Comment icon #22 Posted by Swede on 20 January, 2013, 23:58
Inuits were parallel culture in Grenland. Vikings have had time to adopt. And more imprortantly they have role model. But their standards and ego didnt allow them. Greed and good life. They learn to harvest more then they actually need. They were not rational. They spent more then they could earn. Luxory ruined them. Climate just push their down fall. They cut all. This would not be an accurate assessment. As previously noted, the Inuit and their ancestral lineage had an extensive period of adaptation to the arctic/subarctic regions. A brief and simplified summary: The Inuit are descendants of... [More]


Please Login or Register to post a comment.


  On the forums
Tech giants team up to form AI ethics board
9-29-2016
Several major technology companies have joined forces in an effort to prevent an AI-fuelled apocalypse.
Catholic Church: 'exorcists in urgent demand'
9-29-2016
A rise in occult and superstitious practices has allegedly brought about a major exorcist shortage.
'Bigfoot' picked up on live eagle nest webcam
9-29-2016
A live feed from an eagle's nest in Michigan has recorded a mysterious figure wandering around below.
SpaceX plans to send humans to Mars by 2022
9-28-2016
Elon Musk has outlined his extraordinarily ambitious plans to make mankind an interplanetary species.
Other news in this category
Ancient burnt scroll is 'virtually unwrapped'
Posted 9-22-2016 | 8 comments
Scientists have used cutting-edge techniques to read a charred scroll dating back over 1,500 years....
 
Skeleton found at the Antikythera shipwreck
Posted 9-20-2016 | 2 comments
Divers have unearthed 2,000-year-old skeletal remains within the wreckage of a Roman-era cargo ship....
 
Blue jeans' color originated 6,200 years ago
Posted 9-18-2016 | 2 comments
New evidence suggests that indigo dyes were first used 1,800 years earlier than previously believed....
 
Easter Islanders were not wiped out in a war
Posted 8-22-2016 | 11 comments
A new study has suggested that the inhabitants of Easter Island were not destroyed by warfare....
 
Hidden images found in 500-year-old codex
Posted 8-21-2016 | 6 comments
A mysterious deer-hide manuscript from Mexico has revealed a series of hidden storytelling images....
 
Giant timber circle found next to Stonehenge
Posted 8-15-2016 | 5 comments
Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of a huge circle of timber posts just two miles from Stonehenge....
 
Mysterious magic spells unearthed in Serbia
Posted 8-10-2016 | 11 comments
Archaeologists have been trying to decipher magic spells inscribed on small rolls of gold and silver....
 
Did China's mythical flood actually happen ?
Posted 8-5-2016 | 6 comments
The legendary story of how Emperor Yu tamed the raging floodwaters may actually have some truth to it....
 
Palace discovered at King Arthur's birthplace
Posted 8-4-2016 | 8 comments
The remains of an impressive sixth-century palace have been unearthed at Tintagel in Cornwall, England....
 
Cheese discovered in 340-year-old shipwreck
Posted 7-29-2016 | 14 comments
A container of foul-smelling cheese has been recovered from the site of a sunken 17th-century gunship....
 
Ancient 'machine' protected the Great Pyramid
Posted 7-14-2016 | 19 comments
A special security system outside the King's Chamber was intended to prevent thieves from breaking in....
 

 View: More news in this category
 
Top   |  Home   |   Forum   |   News   |   Image Gallery   |  Columns   |   Encyclopedia   |   Videos   |   Polls
UM-X 10.7 Unexplained-Mysteries.com 2001-2015
Privacy Policy and Disclaimer   |   Cookies   |   Advertise   |   Contact   |   Help/FAQ