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The universe may be a giant loop, study claims


Posted on Tuesday, 5 November, 2019 | Comment icon 31 comments

Do we live in a flat or curved universe ? Image Credit: CC BY 4.0 ESO / S. Brunier
New evidence suggests that, rather than being flat like a sheet, the universe may in fact loop around on itself.
What would happen if you got into your faster-than-light spacecraft and zoomed off in a perfectly straight line, never slowing down and never changing direction ? Would you reach the edge of the universe or would you ultimately end up right back where you started from ?

The idea that the universe is curved and loops around on itself has been around for a while, however it is a theory that isn't really compatible with conventional ideas about how the universe works.

Now though, a new paper has thrown a spanner in the works by suggesting that there may be something to the idea of a curved universe after all.

The study, which is based on the research of an international team of physicists, takes a renewed look at data for the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) - a remnant of the birth of our universe.

The key lies in the discovery of an anomaly suggesting that there is significantly more 'gravitational lensing' of the CMB than expected - more than can be explained by conventional physics.
According to the team's findings, if the universe really is curved then the curvature is very gentle, meaning that on a planetary scale or even on a galactic scale we are unlikely to actually notice it.

On a cosmic scale however, this curvature becomes increasingly prevalent until someone moving through the whole universe in a straight line will ultimately end up right back where they started.

There is however a long way to go to prove once and for all that this is actually the case.

"I don't want to say that I believe in a closed universe," said study co-author Alessandro Melchiorri. "I'm a little bit more neutral. I'd say, let's wait on the data and what the new data will say."

"What I believe is that there's a discrepancy now, that we have to be careful and try to find what is producing this discrepancy."

Source: Live Science | Comments (31)

Tags: Universe

Recent comments on this story
Comment icon #22 Posted by Nnicolette on 7 November, 2019, 18:07
Let me try to explain why they both make sense to me and the data might be right. See when i try to conceive of travelling continuously and arriving where i started it sounds like a flat earther's idea of earth. It is not magical it is a circle we know we just came all the way aroundų like an ant on a baseball would.  Now if we cant manuever in all dimensions, only 3 or 4, then maybe spherical is just our perception of our limits. Just as with a flat plane. If we are unwittingly on a sort of surface, not noticing the extra dimensions, then really it would be flat, and spherical, and still infi... [More]
Comment icon #23 Posted by L.A.T.1961 on 7 November, 2019, 18:32
As I understand it the idea of curved space is not the same as a universe that has a spherical volume. In a universe that is like a big balloon you could set off in one direction and keep going, if space is not curved. If it is curved you would eventually come back to the starting point. The concept is also mind curving.  
Comment icon #24 Posted by pbarosso on 8 November, 2019, 0:04
if  the universe is a curved one and i believe it is, it would of course mean that it is not infinite....which of course it cannot be. but whats beyond the edge of the universe? there is no edge in a curved universe. right?
Comment icon #25 Posted by L.A.T.1961 on 8 November, 2019, 1:04
The universe is everything there is, so in that sense there is no beyond. 
Comment icon #26 Posted by Rlyeh on 8 November, 2019, 8:14
So what floats on gravity? Tesla was wrong then, he said space had no properties.  Another Tesla fanboy who hasn't a clue what Tesla said.     What is the speed difference?   Since we can detect the Earth's movement, I'd say your entire scenario is nonsense.
Comment icon #27 Posted by lightly on 8 November, 2019, 12:57
         That seems to be the popular consensus ..and I accept it, I guess.   But do we really KNOW what the reality is? suddenly, I question everything...I dunno why.
Comment icon #28 Posted by Ultimatium on 9 November, 2019, 19:57
Well, its the type of thing that boggles your mind, thats for sure.
Comment icon #29 Posted by Twas Brillig on 10 November, 2019, 8:54
a toroid
Comment icon #30 Posted by Nnicolette on 10 November, 2019, 19:11
What i meant is that while the plane we inhabit, if curved, would not be infinite, perhaps the infinity lies in the directions not being employed. For example when i used the ball as an example and what we see as the surface... Maybe to an ant that is the entire surface but looking at it we know there is depth below that surface, space beyond it and more directions to utilized than just forward and backward around it. Maybe the many universe theory was right in seeing a froth and ouur universe as a bubble, maybe we are seeing this round surface but it is not the limit of entirety but just a ti... [More]
Comment icon #31 Posted by Mr Futzy on 11 November, 2019, 7:21
it makes perfect sense to me. The universe is 1 universe. Who says there can't be more than 1 universe? I think space is infinite, but the universe is not. However it is expanding. I see it as 2 possibilities. Like A donut, stacked onto other donuts. or like balls in a ball pit. To us, the Universe is immeasurable. But the human mind cant understand the scope of how big all of outer space is. Maybe Men in Black has it right, we are just inside a giant marble that some alien kid is playing with.


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